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Taylor Branch - Essay Example

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It is the second volume Taylor’s three volume magisterial histories on America; during the times of Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. Taylor Branch illustrates the civil rights period at its zenith. The first…
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Lecturer Pillar of Fire by Taylor Branch Introduction Pillar of Fire is a book ed by Taylor Branch in the year 1999. It is thesecond volume Taylor’s three volume magisterial histories on America; during the times of Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. Taylor Branch illustrates the civil rights period at its zenith. The first volume called Parting the Waters emerged the winner for the Pulitzer Prize for History. It is a chronicle of the movement that began in Southern black churches to challenge conscience of Americans during the President Kennedy and the President Eisenhower years in office. Taylor Branch shows hoe the civil rights struggles were played out at the national and international level. Pillar of Fire explores the civil upheavals between the years 1960 and 1965. Mississippi Freedom Summer, Civil Rights Act of 1964, and LBJ’s Great Society; the book provides a clear portrait of Martin Luther King Jr. on how he was hunted by hatred, factionalism and black mail (Taylor 271). Taylor Branchs relationship with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is that Taylor has been working on hisbiography for many years. His books also chronicals the history of the civil rights movement, which was led by Dr. King.
Literature Review
To explain the life and times of Dr. King, is like recounting a story of how America become a modern society, approximately 50 years ago after the start of the century. The century’s destiny was to ensure that civil equity announced in 1776 will be a reality. The novel begins and ends with violence; demonstrations occur in Fla, Selma and St. Augustine; President Kennedy is assassinated and the United States of America participates deeply in Vietnam, and Malcolm X disagreed with the Islam nation, this made him face assassination; and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson. The president thereafter began serious lobbying for the equally important 1965 Voting Rights. The author gives Dr. King epic treatment in the book, illustrating that he was a hero.
During King’s life; the black Americans finished their movement from the Republican Party to the Democratic Party. 96% of black Americans voted for Lyndon Johnson in the 1964 presidential elections. However, the quasi-feudal political structure in the south gave undue influence to the racists’ political leaders whose main purpose was to destroy King’s goals. Presidents Johnson’s support of the civil right legislations clearly dominates this book. King’s leadership faced a major obstacle of terror through racism. The author also explains in details the violence that killed James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Lemuel Penn who found themselves in the wrong place at the correct time (Taylor 285).
The non-violent philosophy of Dr. King
Dr. King illustrated six procedures of non violent social change. The first step involves information gathering; proper research must be conducted in order to understand and articulate issues or injustice facing an individual or community. The second step is education; which entails informing all community stakeholders on an issue and your position on it. The third step involves personal commitment; which illustrates affirming faith in the methods and philosophy of non violence. The fourth procedure is negotiating; through confronting the other party with plans of resolving states injustices. The fifth step is direct action, where the opponent in brought on board in resolving disputes; finally the last step explains reconciliation through understanding and friendship with the opponent.
Conclusion
Dr. King’s accomplishment in the civil rights movement is beyond words. Without him, the United States of America may not have enacted the legislation that turned it into a world democracy.
Works Cited
Taylor, Branch. Pillar of Fire. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2009. Print. Read More
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