Nobody downloaded yet

The challenge of human resource management. Theories of motivation - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The concept of motivation is often viewed as complicated and fascinating by different leaders but a closer analysis of the operations of any given organisation shows that this is an indispensable component which can ensure viability of any particular company in the face of competition…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.3% of users find it useful
The challenge of human resource management. Theories of motivation
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"The challenge of human resource management. Theories of motivation"

Download file to see previous pages The concept of motivation is often viewed as complicated and fascinating by different leaders but a closer analysis of the operations of any given organisation shows that this is an indispensable component which can ensure viability of any particular company in the face of competition. Thus, effective leaders ought to understand motivation and there are numerous theories of motivation that exist to try and help the managers as well as the leaders to understand the needs as well as goals of their employees in a bid to sustain certain actions while at the same time attempting to stop some unbecoming behaviour (Werner 2007). Against this background, this essay seeks to critically compare and contrast two theories of motivation. These are Maslow’s hierarchy of needs which is a content theory as well as Locke and Latham’s goal setting theory which is a process theory. The essay starts by explaining the meaning of the key term which is motivation then followed by outlining the similarities as well as the differences that may exist between the two. The last part will specifically focus on suggestions about how a team leader might use these theories to motivate their team. Basically, motivation is loosely defined as “a state arising in processes that are internal and external to the individual, in which the person perceives that it is appropriate to pursue a certain course of action aimed at achieving a specified outcome and in which the person chooses to pursue those outcomes with a degree of commitment and persistence (Robins, Odendaal & Roodt 2001). Thus, motivation is basically concerned with arousing, directing and sustaining our behaviour. Theories of motivation fall into two basic groups: content theories as well as process theories. According to Finchman & Rhodes (2005), content theories of motivation focus on what motivates an individual. They are typically concerned with determining the specific needs that motivate people. On the other hand, process theories attempt to describe and analyse how people are motivated, that is, how behaviour is aroused, directed and sustained. Process theories of motivation in this case posit to the effect that there is no individual who can give the other person satisfaction that is related with accomplishing especially a challenging job, but it is self derived (Carrell et al 1995). Overally, motivation is influenced by needs, goals, expectations, motives as well as drives and these play different roles in motivation as going to be explained briefly below. According to (Brewster et al 2003), a need is something that is basic to life such as food and shelter and once it is satisfied a person is motivated. A goal is a certain target that an individual wants to attain and once achieved, that person is motivated. An expectation is primarily concerned with promises to be fulfilled say after performing a task and if these are fulfilled the person is motivated. A motive is an intention of acting in a certain way or doing something and it also affects motivation. Lastly, a drive is a push factor that pushes someone to act in a particular manner and if there is promise of reward that person would be motivated to pursue that drive. These are some of the major factors that motivate people to act or behave in particular ways. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is perhaps the most appealing theory of motivation. Thus, according to Maslow, when a need occurs, motivational tension develops and is directed towards satisfaction of that need (Carrel 1995). The hierarchy comprises of five levels of needs namely physiological, security, social, self esteem and self actualisation needs. These needs build from grassroots levels up to the point where some skilled workers feel that they should be rewarded on the basis of their importance, coupled with their performance to the company. As far as company growth is concerned, there is need for the workers to feel that their needs are satisfied. According to (Maslow 1970 as cited in Werner 2007), as each of these needs is satisfied, they cease to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The challenge of human resource management. Theories of motivation Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/human-resources/1404812-the-challenge-of-human-resource-management-theories-of-motivation
(The Challenge of Human Resource Management. Theories of Motivation Essay)
https://studentshare.org/human-resources/1404812-the-challenge-of-human-resource-management-theories-of-motivation.
“The Challenge of Human Resource Management. Theories of Motivation Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/human-resources/1404812-the-challenge-of-human-resource-management-theories-of-motivation.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Human Resource Management and behaviour theories
...by the efforts of the HRM (Scullion, Collings & Gunnigle, 2007). Behaviour tools such as the motivation, employee engagement as well as empowerment and commitment have a bearing on the performance of the organisation hence these two concepts play a complementary role to each other. HR specialists ought to ensure that they implement the best HRM practices which have to be linked with behavioural tools that are meant to ensure that individual performance is improved and managed properly in a bid to achieve the set goals and objectives. According to Armstrong (2000), the notion of best practice HRM is concerned with obtaining, organizing and motivating the human...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
Human Resource Management: Employee productivity and motivation
...learning has come to constitute over 75% of the motivation that takes place in the organization's sociological and operational sphere. (www.agelesslearner.com) Max DePree's book is titled Leadership is an art. This book traces the realistic situations and how leadership, as a quality, emerges as the winner in such trying situations in the everyday life of an organisation. This book is not the typical management text as the author has refused to cram it with hypothetical situations and theories. Gary Yukl's book on the other hand is titled Leadership in Organisations. It is a book that can empower an organisation to make the best of its human resources....
14 Pages(3500 words)Case Study
Human Resource Development, Motivation
...in a loss of trust. (8) Match tasks to talents. Assign individuals with tasks they would enjoy or are particularly good at. This would help improve employee's confidence level. (9) Don't forget the fun. Once in a while, put work aside and do something nice for the employees. (10) Set an example. Great people make others around them feel that they too can become great. (http://www.allbusiness.com/human-resources/employee-development-employee-productivity/11136-1.html) Employers need to realize that motivating employees is not as difficult as it may seem to be. Employees do a part of the job by trying their best to keep themselves motivated. It is not in the nature...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Motivation Theories
.... Herzberg's theory of motivation and Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation. A peer reviewed electronic journal ISSN 1531-7714, The Catholic University of America 1997. [Online]. [Assessed 10 October 2009]. Available from: http://pareonline.net/getvn.aspv=5&n=11. Harpaz, I. (2004). The importance of work goals: an international perspective. Journal of International Business Studies, 21. pp. 75-93. Herzberg, F., Mausner, B., & Snyderman, B. B. 1959. The motivation to work. New York: John Wiley & Sons. Higgins, J. M. 2004. The management challenge (2nd ed.). New York: Macmillan. How to Motivate, 2008....
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Team Motivation: Management Theories
..., Exercises, and Cases. 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Irwin. p.192. Longenecker, Justin G., Moore, Carlos W., Petty, J. William & Palich, Leslie E. 2006. Small Business Mnagement: An Entrepreneurial Emphasis. 13th ed. Thomson South-Western. p.401. Mathis, Robert L. & Jackson, John H. 2003, Human Resource Management. 10th ed. Thomson South-Western. p.69. Morris, Charles G. & Maisto, Albert A. 2005, Psychology: An Introduction. 12th ed. Pearson Prentice-Hall. P.332. Wikipedia. Theory X and Theory Y, The Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/theory_X_and_theory_Y Wyman, Sala G. Feb 16 1998, 'Helping a team reach new heights', InfoWorld. San Mateo. Vol. 20, Iss. 7, p.83....  Team...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
Theories on Motivation in Human Resource Management
...Theories on Motivation in human resource managementMotivation is the driving force that inspires every individual to accomplish their targeted goals. However, the actual factors that motivate people are still uncertain. According to Abraham Maslow’s (1943) hierarchy of needs theory, human beings are motivated by their unsatisfied needs. The theory suggests that the fundamental needs or physiological needs (safety, love and esteem) must be satisfied before moving to advanced stage needs. A satisfied need no longer...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
Motivation Theories
...Comparative analysis of motivational theories Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory: Maslow emphasizes that there are five basic needs of every human, namely physiological needs, safety needs, love and belongingness needs, esteem needs and needs to self actualize. The lowest stage depicts the most basic things that are required for the fundamental survival of a human being. As we move towards the top of pyramid, the needs shift from basic to opportunistic. The more stages of necessities a manager provides a worker with, the more the worker feels motivated and his efficiency in the work boosts. The step wise necessities can...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Human resource: motivation
...and general perception of the employees about their jobs (Perry, Mesch and Paarlberg, 2006). The human resource managers at the business organizations are in charge for motivating the employees in order to keep them content with their jobs and to achieve maximum output from their skills and abilities. The process of motivating employees is intricate and it is often based on the compensation of the total work performed by the employees for the organization (Petcharak, 2002). This report consists of a brief overview of the different methods adapted for creating motivation among the employees and the factors that directly impact the...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Motivation Theories
...Motivation Theories al Affiliation: Motivation is the power that instigates channels and maintains goal-driven actions. Different theories have been developed to explain the concept of motivation. One of these theories I mostly agree with include Instinct theory of motivation, which implies that people tend to act in certain ways because they are automatically programmed to act so as suggested by Miner (1994). For instance in the world of animals when it comes to seasonal migration, they are not told to do so but it is within their mind that they have to do so. Another motivation...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Theories of Motivation/Productivity Management
...Discussion Responses Hello Benjamin I found your post on this week’s discussion topic ‘Theories of Motivation’ to be highly informative. From yourdefinition, I gathered that people’s conscious choices as stated in Vroom’s theory could be termed as goal setting as indicated by Locke. It is also true that Adam’s equity theory closely correlates to Vroom’s expectancy theory where people perform better in expectance of greater rewards. In this case, I believe you meant that higher value of instrumentality, Valence, and expectancy equate to better rewards. Hello Nathan Thank you for such an informative post on this week’s discussion topic. I agree with you “a...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic The challenge of human resource management. Theories of motivation for FREE!
Contact Us