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The Advantages of Voluntary Overtime Paid Work - Literature review Example

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The paper "The Advantages of Voluntary Overtime Paid Work" seeks to determine the advantages of overtime voluntary paid work over mandatory overtime or part-time work. According to the research findings, voluntary overtime is a valuable tool to improve employees’ productivity and retention…
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The Advantages of Voluntary Overtime Paid Work
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Download file to see previous pages According to Barry and Wilkinson (2011), voluntary overtime is a regular and positive practice in various industries. Voluntary overtime increases the productivity of workers, maintains employees’ wellbeing, reduces staff turnover, and it is more cost-efficient than part-time employment. For example, overtime is a common practice among medical facilities in the United States, where nurses are the majority of medical facilities’ employees who works overtime. Nurses who voluntarily work overtime provide better care for the patients compared to mandatory overtime or part-time nurses (Bae, Brewer, and Kovner, 2011). A clear indication of the positive impact of voluntary overtime over part-time or regular time work is that overtime workers tend to be engaged, especially when work is voluntarily provided to them.
Most employees admit that wages have an impact on their work performance. Studies have demonstrated that higher wages earned a result in a sense of achievement, ownership, and satisfaction in the work completed. Employees who are available by choice to work for overtime hours augment their productivity, lead to an excellent job recital, and reduce staff turnover through the retention of employees (Barry & Wilkinson, 2011).
As observed by Prywes (2000), voluntary overtime workers have natural motivation within them, and this enables them to work hard to achieve their own goals and purposes of the company. Workers who voluntarily work overtime set their goals, which they seek to achieve. The achievement of these goals is reflected by the excellent work performance. Employees and employers attain more benefits from voluntary overtime than from involuntary overtime. According to Cameron (2012), the natural motivation enables workers to be committed to the job and once an assignment is accomplished they associate themselves with the assignment. Workers who choose to work overtime dedicate their time and effort to the assignment assigned to them. This commitment enables them to perfect the activities, which will lead to a quality product and service. This commitment enables the workers to reduce defects while producing a product or offering a service, and the reduction in these defects leads to high-quality services and products. Workers are satisfied with the job they have accomplished, thereby, owning the work.
Voluntary work helps in maintaining the employee’s health more than forced overtime work. Use of voluntary overtime enhances the wellbeing of workers; on the other hand, involuntary overtime causes burnout among employees. Voluntary overtime increases employees’ satisfaction and reduces stress among employees; as a result, it helps in maintaining the health of the workers (Barry & Wilkinson, 2011). As Cameron (2012) observes, employees who work on voluntary overtime tend to have natural self-motivation within them, which enhances their productivity and job satisfaction. Job satisfaction is reflected in the reduction in the rate of staff turnover. Numerous studies have established that long working hours and shift work raise the odds for employees to be fatigued, injured, stressed, and suffer from medical ailments. However, voluntary overtime tends to lower these effects, but involuntary overtime increases same.   ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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