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The Fall of the Ottoman Empire - Research Paper Example

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This paper under the title "The Fall of the Ottoman Empire" focuses on the fact that although the term 'sick man of Europe' used with reference to the Ottoman Empire is widely attributed Czar Nicholas I of Russia it is unlikely that he ever used the term. …
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The Fall of the Ottoman Empire
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Download file to see previous pages On January 9, 1851 when the Czar said this the sick man recovered and lived for more than fifty years more.
However, in the first decades of the twentieth century the, disease became fatal. In the twelve months between November 1922 and October 1923, the Ottoman Empire ceased to exist. The Ottoman Empire came to an end, as a regime under an imperial monarchy, on November 1, 1922. Mehmed VI, the last Ottoman Sultan, departed from Constantinople on November 17, 1922. It formally disappeared, as a de jure state, on July 24, 1923, when the final peace treaty of World War I, the Treaty of Lausanne was signed. The new government was headquartered in Ankara. Its truncated successor the Republic of Turkey was officially proclaimed on October 29, 1923.
The following discussion will focus on the decline and fall of the Ottoman empire. As Czar Nicholas Is remarks make clear the process was neither quick nor unobserved. However, this discussion will focus on events in the twentieth century and only make reference to earlier events and trends if they are of direct relevance to the early twentieth century period.
That said, while the discussion will be restricted chronologically it will, of necessity range over a variety of disparate and diverse factors. Considering the chronology the momentous events of the First World War will have to be considered. So too will the less widely known series of small Balkan wars that preceded the global conflagration once known as the war to end all wars. International economic issues and foreign investment will also be considered.
Along with these international factors, domestic factors will also be considered. Economically, the empire had not modernized and industrialized at a pace equivalent with even Russia, let alone Germany or Great Britain. Public policy, especially college action of national revenues, had also fallen behind other states. Nationalist ferment also divided the empire. The 'gravely ill' empire that finally expired during 1923 was the victim of a variety of factors and all of these will be considered.   ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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