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United States Foreign Policy from 1945-1991 - Essay Example

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This paper "United States Foreign Policy from 1945- 1991" discusses the foreign policy of the United States that has been predominantly concerned with the balance of power with the USSR from 1945 to 1991. The rest of this essay will present facts and arguments in support of this assertion…
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United States Foreign Policy from 1945-1991
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Download file to see previous pages American Presidents presiding over some key events in history, such as the Cuban Missile Crisis, The Cold War, The Vietnam War, etc., were hindered from acting as public representatives due to pressure from the military-industrial complex. John Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Ronald Reagan, George Herbert Walker Bush, and George W. Bush – all of them were subject to these opposing interests. But eventually, the corporate-government nexus proved too powerful; and in this sense, American Presidents after the Second World War were largely restricted and powerless to uphold their higher personal values. Most of the strategic moves on part of the United States after the end of the Great War were directly in response to an anticipated threat from the other superpower the USSR1.

In 1947, Great Britain, still reeling under the aftermath of World War Two, decided to transfer its control of Palestine to the United Nations. The United Nations Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP) made a few recommendations. One of them is to partition Palestine. This was later adopted under UN Resolution 181, which also included a plan to allocate Greater Jerusalem as a common international area. This was never acceptable to the Palestinians and it resulted in a war shortly afterward.

The period between 1949 and 1956 saw tensions escalate in the region like Jordan, Egypt and Syria endeavored to protect their respective borders from an Israeli invasion. In spite of negotiations by the UN to prevent armed conflict, in February 1955, Israel invaded the Gaza Strip in Egypt. The then Egyptian President Nasser, alarmed at his army’s incompetence approached the West for assistance, which they promptly refused. This left Egypt with no other option than to turn to the Soviet Union for military support.
The ramifications of the Cold War soon spread into the Middle East. The West did not want the oil-rich region to fall to communism and to negate Soviet influence over the region; the United States increased its foothold in the Middle East. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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