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Blacks were not left behind since most of them went to Canada after fleeing America where they had been brought as slaves. In Canada, they could not access most social facilities as their skin color betrayed them.3 At the same time, the Jews were treated worse than Blacks as some of the leaders thought they would pollute the Canadians bloodstream. Jews were forbidden from accessing social amenities like the Blacks. In spite of all the discrimination, Canada needed work force which its citizens could not do and therefore relied on the immigrants.4
The history of Chinese people migrating to Canada was fisrt recorded in 1788. During this period, the Chinese people migrated first to Nootka in North America. This was followed by large scale migration of other Chinese as a result of gold mining taking place in Fraser Canyon. During this time, many Chinese settlements were established in the British colonies in America such as New Westminster, Barkerville and Victoria. Due to the increased number of Chinese people, they expanded their centers to the interiors of the towns thereby making permanent settlements. The construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway commenced after the gold rush attracting the Chinese people. Due to the newly found job, the Chinese people began moving eastward thereby establishing other settlements in the Canadian cities. In this case, Chinese settlement in Canada was a contrast of their stay in the previous towns.
The late 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century resulted in the widespread intolerance of Asians in Canada. Canadians viewed the arrival of the Asians as a threat to them since they thought they had come to take jobs from the working groups. The first group of Chinese arrived in Canada in 1858. The group came to work in the gold mines in British Columbia and it consisted mostly of young immigrants.5Most of the Chinese
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The act which was originally termed as An Act to amend and continue the Act 32-33 Victoria, chapter 3, received the royal assent on 12th May 1870 which then enabled the creation of the Manitoba Province. The enactment of the act is significant to the history of Canada since it led to the formation of the government for the Province of Manitoba.
In 1867, all of the colonies that became a part of the Canadian Confederation had previously been a part of New France. The Viceroyalty of New France was an area colonized by France specifically in North America and was started in 1534 when the Saint Lawrence River was explored by Jacques Cartier.
The aftermath of the Second World War has seen a strong union between the two countries on all grounds. After the initial conflicts that included a few American invasions on Canada, the two countries have since then been allies. "Geography has made us neighbors.
W. Struthers, a prominent public health official, expressed reformers' concerns succinctly: 'Poor housing conditions, lack of light and ventilation, uncleanliness, ignorance of proper care of the body and of the laws of health, unwholesome and improper food and drink, the prevalence of venereal and other diseases are rapidly producing a degenerate race.'
Taking this observation further Innis (1956) says that Canada is an ideal location for export of primary products or "staples" to Europe. However, this paper will examine the period between 1870 and 1914 in its entirety when Canada, bearing the fruits of a century old network of waterways augmented by the introduction of the Grand Trunk road and railways, experienced phenomenal economic growth despite many hurdles like the depressions of 1870s and 1890s, severe drought early twentieth century and the World War I.
It focuses largely on Toronto, but shows that similar approaches to housing reform were common across Canada. Intensifying pre-existing English-Canadian nationalism and racism proved to be a helpful means of assuaging the bruising social conflicts of the war era.
The essence of this discussion is to make assessments on the 4 Pre Confederation Canadian staples namely; fur, fish, wheat and timber. How these staples changed New France to socially, economically and politically advance.
Before the sixties, Canadian historians used to concentrate on economic history of Canada because it had political stability as compared to other countries. From the sixties till present day, there have been significant events in the Canadian economic history.
However, the land lacked effective system of governance thus leading to the rise in conflicting interests as various colonizers scrambled to colonize a land that had original inhabitants. This led to the formation of various treaties