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Nicole in Carcere Where he served until 1471 and became cardinal bishop of portal and dean of Sacred College called Eubel Hierachia College. In 1457, he was the vice chancellor of the roman church. He had passion in card playing, he was self disciplined in eating and drinking and worked professionally in his administrative duties. He acted in evil ways whereby towards 1470, he broke the celibacy rule of roman priesthood when he began a relationship which led to bearing children with a roman lady Vanozza Catanei and fathered four children; Juan, Caesar, Lucrezia, and Jofre (Conte 317)
He secured a two-thirds majority vote and was declared as pope in the morning of 14th august 1492, and acquired the name Pope Alexander VI. The election however was questionable but there was no evidence that Borgia had paid anyone for his election. The Romance expressed their acceptance and joy in bonfires, torch light processions, flowers and erecting triumphal arches with extravagant inscriptions. His coronation was then on 26th august.
The roman city was said to encounter lawlessness at the time when Pope Alexander VI was appointed. This is well evidenced by the many assassinations that had already taken place. Thus after his appointment and coronation he went ahead to justify his good opinion to the people by putting an end to the lawlessness. He ordered for investigation whereby every culprit behind the assassination was to be hanged and his entire family brought down. He made four districts from the then city and put magistrates in charge of justice and order, further he appointed two days weekly when people would personally present their grievances to him (Gwynne 30).
The method was within no time seen as efficient for justice restoration. He then turned to defense where he turned Mausoleum of Adrian into a fortress that would sustain a siege, fortified Torre di Nano thus secured the city from naval attacks. He transformed Leonine city to be the
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Secretary of the Treasury is presented as a general introduction to him as well as the research paper. II. Early Life: A. Family This section deals with the early life of Alexander Hamilton concerning his family and parents. B. B. Living Area The living are of Alexander Hamilton’s early life is introduced.
He was met by some 40,000 Persian infantry plus cavalry. In a surprise attack, Alexander commanded his men to cross the river at dawn and attack the Persians which led to their defeat. In this particular battle we see Alexander’s decision as commander result in victory for the Greeks and also the respect of his men as he fought in the battle in which he almost lost his life twice.
However, one of the more messages of Pope's criticism, is that literary genres are not fixed and static, rather, they intertwine and mix with others. Shakespeare might have been writing with 'tragedy' as a form, but his knowledge of Julius Ceasar, all of the King Henry's or King Richards, was unquestionably informed by the genre of history writing.
The word ‘great’ did not attribute all the rulers but a few who actually deserved the title. Alexander III (356- 323 B.C.) was the great ruler who deserved the term very well. Alexander has to his credit being tutored by the great philosopher Aristotle. The impact of the teachings of Aristotle came into be effective in his later life as the conqueror
In several instances, it was a legacy whose effect on the State and Church is still witnessed until today. Four members of the Borgia family are specifically, infamously commemorated as incomparable exemplars of wickedness and greed: Alonso Borgia (Pope Calixtus III), Rodrigo Borgia (Alexander VI), Cesare Borgia, and Lucrezia Borgia. Alonso and Rodrigo were popes.
Peter established the church at Rome, and became its first bishop (Allen, 2008). The pope is therefore, a spiritual leader and symbolizes the unity of the church. However, over time, the perception of papacy among people has continued to change. Nonetheless, since the martyrdom of Saint Peter, there were different bishops, who succeeded Peter, and followed in his footsteps as spiritual leaders and shepherds of the universal church.
There were a number of reasons for the massacre, the biggest of which was the Utah War, an ongoing conflict between the Mormon settlers of the Utah Territory and the Federal US government. Mormonism at the time was also a lot more militant
1039 – 1056) removed the papacy from the local Roman families and placed it into the hands of a line of German popes who ruled the church with firm authority. The author Herbert Edward John not only puts forward his arguments but also gives us evidence surrounding the
In other words, most people have come to believe that terrorism is always from foreign forces. However, the bitter reality is that American is more vulnerable to domestic terrorism as compared to even the international terrorist organizations. In
Roncalli was made cardinal by Pope Pius XII on 12 January 1953 in a consistory along with naming him the Cardinal-Priest of Santa Prisca and Patriarch of Venice (Cahill, Thomas, and Print).
After 11 ballots, Roncalli was elected as the pope at the age of 76 on 28
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