In science, their contribution to calculating time and the movements of heavenly bodies is the foundation of understanding and study of heavenly bodies. Their attention to balance their accounting is the reason we have accounting. In medicine, they made inventories of different signs and symptoms of a range of diseases that the physicians' encountered that piqued their curiosity .
To be successful, the physicians, who performed operations did that without the patient dying if the patient died then they would also die. The idea is to deliver the patient alive incentive for the physicians to be well respected for their services.
The Mesopotamians had government structure that had councils that debated and weighed on decisions. Art was that of their Gods and their leaders as documented. The Mesopotamians had keenness that is fascinating, and which gave them the necessary devotion and motivation to do what they specialized in, in their various roles.