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Ancient Iraq - Essay Example

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The Mesopotamian empires made significant contributions in the fields of medicine, governance, art and science. Unfavorable weather conditions required urgent remedies to…
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CONTRIBUTION OF MESOPOTAMIAN EMPIRES Discuss the contributions of the Mesopotamian empires to science, government, art, and medicine. Give at least 2 examples of each.
The contributions of Mesopotamian empires to different fields in the society cannot be overemphasized. The Mesopotamian empires made significant contributions in the fields of medicine, governance, art and science. Unfavorable weather conditions required urgent remedies to counter the issues such as drought1. Artificial irrigation was brought into force to irrigate the lands and boost the agricultural sector. The annual agricultural activities brought about the development a calendar2. The calendar was used to as an observation tool to study the sky, moon and the stars. The development of the sexagesimal numeral system helped in calculations such as the distance moved by the planets. These developments were significant contributions to science.
Mesopotamian empires contribution to the governance system has formed the basis of government structures and organization in the modern dispensation. A centralized government system emerged from the demonstration by the Mesopotamian empires. A centralized governance system emerged as a result of better organization of communities and single plans3.
Contributions to medicine began in the Mesopotamian empires and the evidence is inscribed within the code of Hammurabi. The code provides evidence of physicians from the Babylonian side who operated patient’s knives4. The physicians were to undergo serious punishments in the event of death of an individual. Diagnosis of various sicknesses and diseases were also introduced. Consequently, there were handbooks for herbal medicines and the various areas of their use. The modern art can be traced from the Mesopotamian empires, especially the ancient art and pottery5. Different forms of art such as mosaic, stone sculptures and megalithic arts inspired the emergence of arts to other parts of the world.
Bibliography
Roux, Georges. Ancient Iraq. London: Penguin Books, 1992. Read More
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