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They gradually grew weak in power and the final blow came about at the hands of the Mongol rulers, Hulaku Khan was the most prominent of them.
The Abbasid Dynasty drew its linage through the daughter of Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H). Through the course of four centuries, they established their rule and authority in areas that are in modern day known as Libya, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and in the Asian continent Baghdad to Palestine and parts of Sub Continent. The Fatmid Caliphate was an extension of the incumbent Caliphate and they ruled for over a century in between.
Their era is considered as the Golden Era of the Muslim rule. Based on the number of inventions and discoveries made in this era, it was termed as the golden age. The Art, architecture, literature, chemistry, astrology found existence and starting point from this era. The rulers of this era were great admirers of art and
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By critically analyzing the history of the world at large, it becomes crystal clear that an overwhelming majority of the followers of different religious groups and communities have always exploited the teachings, prescribed by their faith, for their personal benefit, and they still stick to the same policy of taking advantage out of the miseries and problems of others in the sacred name of religion.
According to Ofek (2011), the early periods of Abbasid Empire was characterised by remarkable developments in arts, scientific disciplines, philosophy, engineering and religion. Development of these fields reached high academic levels and transformed the Muslim community profoundly (Ofek, 2011).
In this system, Caliph is the head of the state and official representative of Islam. The Caliphate system follows the constitution given by the Islamic laws. Initially, it was established by Muhammad who fought many wars and established an Islamic state with political, economical and social stability.
This was the most important period in the Islamic history since it also involves the caliphate of the first four caliphs thus making it similar to the apostolic age of Christianity. The period of the Caliphs is highly regarded by Muslims as the greatest turning point of the Islamic religions and they strongly use this period as guidance to their subsequent lives.
The novel charts the rise of Saladin as Sultan of Egypt and Syria and follows him as he prepares, in alliance with his Jewish and Christian subjects, to take Jerusalem back from the Crusaders. It is a medieval story, but much of it will be cannily familiar to those who follow events in contemporary Cairo, Damascus, and Baghdad.
Most of the Islamic empire had already fragmented into separate states and rules wherein the caliphs lost their power to autocrats in their territories. Add to this the sudden threat the foreign incursion of the Berbers of Africa, the Crusades of Pope Urban, the Turks and the Mongols posed to the region.
The Mamluks were able to compete with the Mongols because of their military culture, and eventually they were able to repel the Mongols and keep their Islamic faith. Once the Mongols converted to Islam, the Mamluks, viewed as a powerful possible adversary, the Mamluks were, for the most part, left alone at this stage.
Historically, gender relations since time immemorial had always been dictated by Patriarchy. To feminists all over the world, this word Patriarchy is the most loathsome word in their dictionary. And rightly so because Patriarchy since the beginning of time has engendered women to the status of oppressed and repressed beings who are not allowed to make major decisions involving their lives.