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In this area they formed the Caliphate of Córdoba, which remained until 1031 before falling due to the Fitna of al-Ándalus.
The Islamic art entails the visual arts that were produced by the people from 7th century and onwards. Thus, this art is tough to define since it covers various lands and diverse people for the time period of more than 1400 years. The vast capacity of Islamic architecture pertains to a distinctive article, belonging to various fields such as painting, textiles, calligraphy, ceramics, and glass among others. Some of the fields of art in the Umayyad dynasty are described below:
Architecture: The building of the Umayyad dynasty is constructed with the local materials, generally of ashlars stone, which is usually combined with brick. The mosques and monuments with their austere exteriors provide the buildings a lavish interior decoration which is made of geometrically-patterned marble mosaics and revetment depict vegetal forms architecture, and objects with royal connotations such as vases and crowns.
Carvings: The primary decoration components of the Umayyads art had derived from the late-classical customs of wall- and floor-mosaic, stone-carving and wall-painting. It also uses the plaster decoration, which was adopted from the Hellenised East. These designs are found across the complete range of mediums just like the geometrical deigns and vary from book illustration to plasterwork; in woodwork, ceramics, ivory-carving and metalwork, even in textiles and carpets.
Metalwork: The art patronage has been a symbol of authority and kingship and has emerged as a theme from the creative appropriations from past and abroad (Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History). Numerous luxurious objects including the boxes of bronze animal statuary, gilt silver and carved ivory, and luxuriously figured silks had been commissioned for
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Islamic Art can be classified into various fields such as architecture, calligraphy, painting and ceramics etc. this art does not pertain to religion only. Islamic art is an art which basically expresses an encounter with the divine presence. The term Islamic refers not only to the religious conviction, but to the affluent and diverse Islamic ethnicity as well.
(Arts of the Islamic World 2008). One most relevant factor about the formation of Islamic art has been the influence of the varied culture of the world on its formation. "The cultural influences ranged from Byzantine (inherited when the Ottomans made Constantinople their capital in 1453), to Italian, French, Central Asian, Persian and Arab." (Sajoo 2001, p.
Under the Abbasid caliphate, which succeeded the Umayyads, the important point of Islamic political and cultural life shifted from Syria to Iraq. The first two centuries of Abbasid rule saw the facade and propagation of a new Islamic style of art where simply Islamic forms and new techniques were introduced1.
Early Islamic art is from c.650 to c. 1000, and the medieval art is from c. 1000 to c. 1250. (Ettinghausen, et al Intro). Such works include architecture, paintings, calligraphy, pottery and metalwork. The characteristics of Islamic art are
am is not only a religion but teaches a unique way of life to its followers that gives it a unique culture which is depicted in the art and architecture of that particular period (The Nature of Islamic Art, n.d.). Islamic art includes calligraphy, metalwork, lustrous ceramics,
It is reasonable to think that knowledge of Islamic culture is imperfect without an understanding of the abundant array of symbols of Islam. Calligraphy and geometric shapes extracted from the holy texts of Islam have become a foundation of Islamic art. Surprisingly, Arabic writing provided itself for integration into material art.
The cursive style commonly called the Muhaqqaq script has been used in developing the work. The paper is thus a critic of the work as has been displayed in the museum.
Material used for writing the script is of golden colour while
What is remarkable about the collection is that it doesn’t include objects belonging to a sole country or nation; instead, the objects on display belong to different Muslim or Arabic countries, especially those that used to belong to the great caliphate. However, the
ety such as leadership, religion and peace, however, the impression of most of the Islamic artwork took a dynamic twist during the nineteenth century when it advocated for decolonization and addresses issues of violence that marred the Islamic territory. Understanding the
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