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The immigration comprised of different people different from ethnicities such as German, English, Irish, and Norwegian Swedish among others that fluxed America as earlier as 1800s. In regard to the physical characteristics and behaviors of immigrants in this century, this phase of immigration was branded an old immigration. The old immigrants came into the United States to take advantage of the freedom and prevalent opportunities in America. They were mainly allured by the availability of cheapest lands, in accordance to the Homestead Act, and the economic ability to rise to riches from rags (Alba, 2009). The distinguishing traits for these old immigrants include: all came northern and western Europe, were Protestants by religion, were literate and skilled, came over as families and were quick to assimilate. Besides, they were also tall and fair, had money and experience of democracy, and sought freedom in a new land of America (cthomson, 2008).
However, in the course of the century the America faced another phase immigration called new immigration peaked in 1907s. The new immigrant came mainly from the eastern and southern Europe. The new phase also had different people from different ethnicities and comprised of poles, Greeks, Italians, Croats Slovaks and Russians. The major drive of these new immigrants was the economic hardship and the enlarging gap between the poor rich in their nations. There was a considerable upsurge in industrial growth following the end of civil war in America. Therefore, the new immigrant came to secure the economic opportunities provided by new industries and improve their life financially. The traits that distinguished the new immigrants from the old one include: most came from southern and eastern Europe, were illiterate and unskilled, came over as birds of passage, were short and dark and, and arrive impoverished. In addition, they were also radicals and autocrats, clannish and reluctant to assimilate, and above all
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The suppression of the Chinese came with several factors that predisposed it. Slave trade was suppressed in the mid nineteenth century where the planters from Latin America sourced for labor supply from china. This was common in the Caribbean region in America.
This is exactly what took place when the Immigration Act of 1965 was passed. This act, highly sponsored by United States senator, Ted Kennedy, abolished the National Origins Formula that had been in place since the Immigration Act of 1924. The primary goal of the national origins formula was to maintain the existing ethnic composition of the United States.
The Immigration Act of 1965 signed by Lyndon Johnson is one of those legislative documents that brings with it widespread disputes for over the next few decades. The Immigration law according to the president was signed not to change the nature of the society.
In brief, these three processes cause alterations in the three notions in focus. Scrutiny of this perspective has identified these three processes as social categorization (ethnicity), social comparison (literature), and psychological work (immigration).
Many Americans believe that both legal and illegal immigration resulted in immigrants looting their employment opportunities. The call for4 restricting or prohibiting illegal immigration is growing across America at present. Arizona took the drastic step in controlling illegal immigration recently.
She bases her argument on the fact that ethnicity is conferred to a person only after birth (Waters 1). In this article, Waters illustrates how ethnicity can be optional or non-optional, depending on the type of race. Waters claims that only the Whites with a European ancestry are capable of optional ethnicity.
This topic is prominently discussed in the literature on sociology. It is, indeed, surprising that the topic still gets so much importance in the sociological study given immense effort has been made to discredit the concept of race after the Second World War.
Tightened security at the borders, and increased security measures at other porous locations within the country have been some of the main issues arising from an overwhelming amount of immigration into the United States. This research will show that to some the measures that have been taken are too extreme and immigration is simply a part of life that will occur regardless of how the government attempts to minimize it.
It has come to our knowledge through a recent study by theInternational Organization for Migration (I.O.M) that there are more than 300 million migrants around the world today. The Middle West, some parts of Europe, small areas of South West Asia, and a few spots in the East Indies have the highest percentages of immigrant population recorded by the UN Census.
It is often seen that differences within ethnic groups inclusive of gender and class along with mobilisation of ethnicity for differing political purposes further challenges the notion of 'community representative and leaders', uncritically accepted in ethnic mobilisation discourse.
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