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The late 19th century witnessed the development of what is sometimes called the New Immigration -- that is to say, a shift in immigration streams from people coming largely from Northwestern Europe to those coming largely from Eastern and Sout - Essay Example

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For example, in 1900 14 percent of American population was immigrants compared to 8 percent in the previous century. Overall, the number of immigrants coming to American from Europe has increased after the…
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The late 19th century witnessed the development of what is sometimes called the New Immigration -- that is to say, a shift in immigration streams from people coming largely from Northwestern Europe to those coming largely from Eastern and Sout
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Extract of sample "The late 19th century witnessed the development of what is sometimes called the New Immigration -- that is to say, a shift in immigration streams from people coming largely from Northwestern Europe to those coming largely from Eastern and Sout"

Running head: NEW IMMIGRATION New Immigration In early 1900s the number of people seeking shelter in America increased. Forexample, in 1900 14 percent of American population was immigrants compared to 8 percent in the previous century. Overall, the number of immigrants coming to American from Europe has increased after the Civil War from 5.2 million in 1880s to 8.2 million in early 1900s. Not only has the number of immigrants increased in late nineteenth century, but also the ethnical composition of the groups of immigrants has changed. These “new immigrants” mainly came from southern and eastern Europe, while previously European immigrants were mainly from the northern and western Europe. In terms of the religious composition, these immigrants were mainly Jewish and Catholic coming from Poland, Balkans, Italy and Russia. In fact, in early 1880 anti-Semitism efforts and actions were widely spread in Russia. Many Jewish synagogues, districts and homes were destroyed. Many Jews wanted to flee from this harsh conditions and sailed to America.
With the exception of Jewish immigrants from Russia, many of these immigrants did not have an intention to stay in the United States. A lot of these immigrants were peasants from Europe who have recently lost their land and possessions and came to America to earn some money and go back to the Old World. Between the years of 1907 and 1911, 73 percent of Italians, and 44 percent of Eastern and Southern Europeans came back home. Only Jewish immigrants from Russia intended to stay in the United States as they usually came with their families and as I stated before had different reasons for immigrating to America.
In addition to Eastern and Southern Europeans, many Chinese were seeking shelter in the United States. In the mid-1800s, Chinese economy was practically destroyed by religious and political rebellions. However, from 1882 to 1943, most Chinese were banned from coming to the United States. In fact, this was the first American immigration law that banned immigration based on ethnicity and nationality. Because of this law, many Chinese men were coming to America to find work while their families stayed in their homeland.
Not only Chinese experienced prejudicial judgment in the United States. Japanese immigrants had very similar experiences. Many of Japanese came to America escaping overpopulation and poverty, especially in the rural areas. While in the United States, Japanese students were segregated in special school and there were limits imposed on property owned by Japanese.
The Immigration law has drastically changed over the years in the United States. Immigration started with allowing almost anybody in the country and it gradually started limiting the categories of people who could enter into the United States. In 1882, people who were likely to have public charges were not allowed any more. In 1885, contract workers were excluded from immigration, in 1917 illiterate people as well as Asians were banned. As the number of immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe increased, so did the intolerance of these immigrants in the United States, which led to development of the Immigration Act of 1924. It placed a restriction on the number of immigrants who could come to the US and introduced a discriminatory system of national ratios.

Reference
Daniels, R. (2002). Coming to America: A history of immigration and ethnicity in American life. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA : HarperCollinsPublishers. Read More
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