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Socialism played a pivotal role in the growth of the ancient Egyptian civilization. Karl Wittfogel, author of “Oriental Despotism” inferred that socialism laid the foundation for all primitive civilizations (Karenga 99). Socialism is an ideology, which advocates for public ownership in favor of privatization of a country’s economy. Ancient Egyptian civilization flourished under a centralized system of government charged with the responsibility of mobilizing the country’s resources. For example, the government oversaw the erection of permanent structures such as the pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx. In addition, Egypt’s strategic geographic location endorsed agriculture within the region, which translated into a reliable and stable source of food for its population. Ancient Egyptians capitalized on the flooded Nile River, which supplied water to sustain the irrigation of arable plains in the region. Under the government’s supervision, the harvest was stored and controlled rations distributed to the population. Moreover, surplus harvest became a trade commodity boosting trade within the region. Growth was not limited to the economic sector only. The use of written words and symbols became a tool for the preservation of Egyptian culture whereby, scholars created permanent records of significant events. These served as reference points for future generations. Finally, the pharaohs (for example, Tuthmosis 1 and his grandson Tuthmosis III) secured the region’s borders by forming strategic alliances with their neighbors such as Assyria and Canaan (Hine et al 35).
Historians remain divided regarding possible reasons, which contributed to sudden decline of the ancient Egyptian civilization. However, they all concur that the civilization collapsed during the end of the eighth dynasty after the long reign of Pepy II. It is estimated that Pepy II held the throne for ninety years. His sons were eager to rule in his stead
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A civilization is included in the category of ancient civilizations if it holds a large number of historic places and cities which exhibit the influence of political and cultural characteristics of that time. Some of the major characteristics of ancient civilizations include high agricultural development, a centralized government, a written language, use of technology, legal codes, division of labor, social stratification, science, philosophy, and arts.
Ancient Egyptian religion depended primarily on sets of complex rituals and polytheistic beliefs that were the essence of ancient Egyptian society. This religion centered specifically on the interaction of Egyptians with a number of deities who were believed to be benevolent, controlling the forces and elements of nature.
This is termed as the 'oasis hypothesis' as articulated by V. Gordon Childe which emphasises that it is the Nile which greatly influences the daily lives of the ancient Egyptians (Feder & Park 265).
But all the above theories were proved to be incomplete because archaelogical excavations in today's Sudan and southern Egypt in the vicinity of the Aswan High Dam revealed that there existed a civilization which predates the Egyptian civilization and which is even more complex and sophisticated than the latter.
Egyptians are one of the most ancient civilizations in the world and was often considered to possess an aura of modernity. The tales of manifestations of scientific knowledge in the form of corpse preservation and retention for hundreds of years act as testimony to the fact that scientific and medical knowledge in Egypt was very advanced.
Environmental factors: Various civilizations around the world have collapsed because of certain environmental factors such as overexploitation of natural resources. Often, the action of man on the land and exploration for “extensive
This wealth of contributions is still in the process of documentation up to the present time, especially with regard to certain aspects of ornamentation, and the way ancient mummification techniques lend themselves to making use of
The first recorded history of human contribution to the society in the form of sculptors, architectures and paintings are Egyptian. It is argued that Egyptian civilization has played a major contributing role in all aspect of
As one reads the story, he learns that the women in this story appear to be powerful. However, these women use their power for ill intentions or evil aims. Men, on the other hand, are also in power, but unlike women, they use their power for good intentions
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