Considered the third greatest revolution in history, the 1979 Iranian Revolution was triggered by the general public’s dissatisfaction with Mohammad Reza Shah’s rulership. With the support of the western powers, Shah’s leadership was increasingly seen as an extension of…
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The 1941 deposition of Reza Shah by the British and the United States and their subsequent involvements in the affairs of Iran, including the forceful inculcation of the western values and the slow eradication of Islamic fundamentals [such as the veiling of women] culminating into a coup d’état that ousted the democratically elected, anti-west Mohammad Mossadegh in 1953, laid a strong foundation towards a deterministic end (Mackey 184).
A strong critic of Shah’s association with the west and the continued mismanagement of the country’s resources, Ayatollah Khomeini rose to prominence into 1963 with his brainchild opposition of the Shah’s White Revolution; a perceived westernization process aimed at complete eradication of Islamic values suspended by the Sharia laws in Iran. As Robin Wright rightly points out, the Iranian revolution was shaped by Khomeini’s "guardianship" principles summed up in Velayat-e faqih [Islamic Government] as an ideology (29-31). With the guardianship influence from the diaspora, Shah faced constant pressure under his very nose. The Freedom Movement of Iran, The Constitutionalist Liberals, the National Front and the more radical groups such as the People’s Mujahedin, Tudeh Party of Iran and the Fedaian guerillas all had a restorative mission of overthrowing Shah’s regime and instituting sound governance guided by Islamic ideals (Graham 71-74).
Setting the stage for a final push for a change were a number of anti-public events championed by the Shah’s government in the seventies. The plundering of oil benefits into extravagance by the government as the gap between the haves and the have-nots widened; increased accumulation of oil benefits in particular; and the mutilation of the Iranian solar calendar had profound impact on the 1979 revolution (Graham
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(“Iranian revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words”, n.d.)
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Iranian Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words. https://studentshare.org/history/1620734-iranian-revolution.
“Iranian Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1620734-iranian-revolution.
The paper investigates how Shah's White Revolution (comprising of modernization and westernization efforts) and how the widespread reforms, in particular, land reform, generated the foundation for the revolution of 1979. Indeed, the premise of matching his increase in power with reforms did not yield more favor from Iranian but discontentment.
In this paper, the author attempts to analyze both short- and long-term consequences of the 1979 Iranian Revolution on domestic policies of Iran, as well as its international dimensions. It is believed that the consequences of the Iranian Revolution were both long-ranging and short-term, and this research purports to show it.
The Iranian Revolution is also interlinked with Lebanese Civil War and Israeli-Palestinian conflict The Iran-Iraq war has been one of the most significant events in the history which had given rise to innumerable more important events affecting the world and its super powers.
This prompted him to filter and displace many of them, especially those who opposed his policies or tried to intervene. In fact, Shah succeeded in globalizing Iran, but found opposition from the clergy and the Socialist Party that had a strong role, during that time.
Since 1979 to date, Iran's government is steers under an Islamic system of Presidential system Cabinet, Judicial Branch, and Legislative Branch. However, in today's' Iran, International Communities especially the Western World refers the country as an Islamic Extremist, where religion fundamentalism stands.
He was thrown as a result of a coup d’état. The Iranian Revolution clearly despised America and burnt them in effigy. The Americans were held hostage at the embassy so that the objections against America could be
Economic crisis can be defined as a situation in which assets or financial value of a country, organization or institution rapidly drops. This paper will also look at how Khomeini upped his game to topple the government led by Shah. It says that Shah’s poor political strategies and failures gave the opposition a chance to bring about revolution in Iran.
Since trade in the region was poor, the whole economy was generally poor and this affected the living standards of its residents. Schools never existed in the religion and the hospitals were of poor conditions leading to lose of lives so easily. However during
As a leader of the revolution, Khomeini was recognised as a strong pillar of the Islamic republic. He was instrumental in uniting leftists, student organisations and other Islamic organisations in fighting the leading regime. After the revolution, the
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