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Accordingly, this essay, drawing on Robert Kennedy’s posthumous chronicle, Thirteen Days, demonstrates the role of diplomacy and negotiations in the successful dissolution of the crisis (Kennedy, 2011).
Essentially, the end of the Cuban missile crisis is credited to the successful missile swap between the US and the Soviet Union. The United States agreed to withdraw their missiles targeting Turkey within six months, on the condition that the USSR withdrew their missiles from Cuba. However, the success of this agreement hinged on the ability of Presidents Kennedy and Khrushchev to streamline their national interests and understand and rationalize the impending collision course they were headed towards, and steer both nations-and the entire world-- away from the threshold of reciprocally guaranteed destruction. Consequently, this state also depended on the effectiveness and ability of the people surrounding both presidents, to provide lucid advice regarding the most appropriate action to solve the crisis.
According to the confessions by Theodore Sorensen, JFKs former speechwriter, JFK approached the crisis using bilateral negotiations with Moscow and within his advisory council otherwise known as the ExComm. The ExComm, was established by JFK at the beginning of the crisis to provide him with advice, and comprised of most of his trusted advisers. These negotiations played a critical role in developing an understanding between the two presidents for a peaceful dissolution of the crisis. Conversely, the ExComm officials exhibited divergent positions on the crisis: one group favored the opinion of blockading Cuba while the other group preferred some kind of military action against Cuba. However, Robert Kennedy diffused the standoff in the ExComm by likening an attack on Cuba by the US with the Pearl Harbor strike by the Japanese and ensured that his brother chose for the less violent, more
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After the Cold War, there had been resurgence in civil rights among African Americans. Truman started to respond to these civil rights issues. In 1946, he appointed a commission that would propose a civil rights law. He also called for a long-term Federal civil rights agency and Fair Employment Practices Committee (Corse).
Kennedy gives a detailed account and recollection of the unfolding events that took place during that crisis. He provides an in-depth account of how conversations were taking place at the white house and how the president felt the load on his neck given the magnitude of the crisis to the world and how he had to make a decision under difficult situation to tackle the Soviet Union offensive.
There is a sense of eeriness though that envelopes 2 of the most prominent Kennedy’s in the US government. This is the fact that both John Fitzgerald and Robert Francis were assassinated. Both men died too soon before they can bring any further achievements not for themselves but for the nation.
1968 in U.S. History Introduction The year 1968 is regarded as one of the most vital years in American history, marked as the most pivotal and turbulent period in this history. It was a flashpoint for most of the cultural, political, and social transformations for which the entire 1960s decade is known.
Americans have, for many generations, been fascinated by the Kennedy accumulation of political power and wealth, and as such, Americans have taken a vested interest in the personal, public, and political lives of each and every member of the Kennedy family. This essay tries to demonstrate their lives and the impact they had on 20th century politics.
Krushchev’s letters to President Kennedy strongly suggested that the Soviet Union’s primary interest was the defense of Cuba and not hostility towards the United States. It certainly presented Krushchev’s earnestness of purpose and to that degree struck a rapport with his counterpart.
Robert Kennedy, Brent Staples and David Sedaris are men who have used writing and speaking to influence people or to make them think about important issues. These are the writings chosen for this essay because they all have something different to say
The author of this paper states that this crisis is probably the closest the world ever came to a full blown out nuclear warfare. The US military was ready and so were the Soviet field commanders. Luckily, thanks to the intelligent and diplomatic tactics employed by John Kennedy’s administration which averted the war.