Which of the following theoretical approaches offers the most convincing account of the power of the EU as an international actor: Realism; Liberalism or Constructivism - Essay Example

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 The subject matter of international relations is purely infinite, ranging from war, population change, global warming, the war on terror, unequal development, international organizations like the EU and the changes in power between china and the United States. The aspect of IR…
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Extract of sample "Which of the following theoretical approaches offers the most convincing account of the power of the EU as an international actor: Realism; Liberalism or Constructivism"

Download file to see previous pages In the contemporary world, a whole host of issues compete for attention due to the proliferation of issues that every world theory seeks to privilege. These theories are realism, liberalism and constructivism (Lott, 2004, p 58). International relations theories informs and shapes and the thinking of the community thinkers who interpret and propagate academic ideas (Kagan, 2004, p 42).
Realism theory perceives that global politics are driven by competitive self interests. As such, its proponents believe that the critical dynamic among nations is a struggle for supremacy in a bid by each nation to preserve and/ or to improve its military security and economic wellbeing in rivalry with other nations. Proponents view the power struggle as a zero-sum game whereby a gain in one nation is inexorably a loss for others. Realist theory developed resulting from the failure to safeguard peace after the First World War. World War I caught many by surprise, and the blame was directed on the real politic strategies pursued by the major European powers. President Wilson was among the idealist who held that peace can only be restored and maintained by a partnership of democratic countries (Griffiths, 2007, p 3). Wilson helped form the League of Nations in a bid to bring reality with regards to partnership.
The idealist vision resulted in other initiatives like Kellogg- Briand Pact of 1928 with the main aim of renouncing war among the signatories. The aggression of Germany and Japan to go into war regardless of them being signatories proved that such pact was naive and dangerous as it had resulted in nations abandoning realpolitik, which may have strengthened them to respond more forcefully to trends like the early stages of rearmament of Germany. This may have prevented the Second World War. As the realism theory developed, two opposing schools of thought ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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