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and military barrier to communication; it was established between the democratic countries like Western Europe and communist countries like Soviet Union. There was also an agreement signed for free access to Berlin (Berlin 1948-1949).
Winston Churchill delivered his Iron Curtain speech which gave birth to cold war. The Iron Curtain speech was about the victory of America and the power they hold; he wanted peace and co operation with the United Nations. He wanted to establish a good relationship between Americans and Britain by calling them English speaking cousins. There will be a mutual security agreement and they will work together for establishing peace (Iron Curtain 1945-1947). He was in favor of America and totally against Russia which was a very strong starting point of the cold war which lasted for years. He threatened that the Western and Eastern Europe will get separated and this was the Iron Curtain which will be established. He wanted a defense pact and wanted to establish a proper military setup along with creating moral unity. Western foreign policies setup along with a vivid picture of cold war being established are few highlighting points of the Iron Curtain speech.
Another important point was the Marshall plan or more popularly known as the European recovery plan. Marshall was not happy with the pace of the recovery of Europe post world war. He introduced programs for development of America and Western Europe. The basic requirement was here to build a better economic plan rather than fighting a battle against Russia. There was a chaos in Europe and the requirement was to eliminate causes of starvation, poverty and anxiety rather than fighting a war against Russia. The plan was directed to improve the economy. Some saw this recovery plan as an attempt to divide Europe and the main cause of the cold war however the Marshall plan was an extended version of the Iron Curtain whose major concern was to establish Europe after world war. Marshall Plan
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" In order to find the appropriate answer to this question, the discussion is divided into six parts. The first part deals wit plan of investigation, while the second and third parts focus on summary of evidence and source evaluation respective. Parts four, five, and six provide analysis, conclusion, and sources respectively.
However, the most worrying issue was that of the nuclear weapons available to both countries which if used would have caused equal destruction to both countries. After the World War II it was seen that the United States and Russia underwent a competition in the field of economics, race and politics to gain superiority in the world.
This provision of aid on the part of the United States, the Marshall plan, is regarded as the successful factor in driving the post-war West European economic growth.
This paper evaluates the significance of Marshall plan in bringing about the economic success of the Western Europe.
On March 12, 1947, President Harry Truman addressed Congress to ask for funds that would aid Greece and Turkey so that they could repeal the communist threat. Truman said "it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures" (n.p.).
Essentially ideological in nature, the Cold War was a bitter conflict between Communism and Democracy, between the Soviet and the U.S. camps. Former wartime allies had become tenacious enemies and it is impossible to ignore the role which either the Truman Doctrine or the Marshall Plan played in this development.
The allied powers had bombed and leveled whole cities and the Germans had efficiently destroyed all cities which they had previously occupied, an American diplomat described it as “ the odor of death was everywhere,” there was no shelter available to the large masses
Imagine living in a constant paranoia of being attacked by a super foreign power where nuclear bombs are just the beginning. An environment where scattering to bomb shelters becomes a regular day routine. Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to the Cold War era.
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