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Cold War History - Essay Example

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Cold War The Cold War The Cold War developed between USA and the Soviet Union after the World War II. Many major events took place during this time, the most important of which were the Cuban Missile Crisis and the Berlin Wall being some of the major events…
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Cold War History Essay
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"Cold War History"

Download file to see previous pages The Cold War for Soviet Union was to take control of the communist nations under their policy whereas the United States had the aim of removal of communism from the world. The relationship of the Soviet Union and America was never to the par as the communist nation was an ally of the Germans before it attacked them. Communism was prevalent in the Soviet Union since its birth under the leadership of Lenin (McMahon 2003). This was followed by the rule of Joseph Stalin who further enforced communism over the states that fell under the jurisdiction of the Union. It was then that anti communist policies started to escalate in the United States creating hate amongst the masses. Yalta Conference which took place in February 1945 was start of rough relations between the two superpowers of the world. The American President at that time was Truman who was strictly against the communists and this led to the worsening of bilateral relations between the two countries. The invention of atom bomb and the use of it in the World War II created fears for the Russian government which further led to the Cold War (McMahon 2003). After the victory in World War II events followed which led to the Cold War among the superpowers. The Iron Curtain Speech was delivered by Winston Churchill on March 5 1946. He urged the United States for a coalition against the union because of their policies against the democracy of the world. In 1946 it was found that Soviet spies were in America looking for information regarding the atomic bomb. Moreover an agreement was violated by the Soviet Union when they did not withdraw their troops from Iran because of its resources of oil. Instead a region of Iran was annexed by the Soviet Union which later came to be known as the Soviet Socialist Republic of Azerbaijan (Gaddis p. 30, 165-168). In the latter part of the 1950s it was seen that the Russian President got even more furious at the actions of the United States. After the World War II it was seen that several of the nations faced the problem of famine. It was here that the United States launched a plan known as the Marshall Plan to provide the famine struck places with food and other supplies. The foreign ministry of the Soviet Union replied to the Marshall plan in a negative manner stating it as an act sought to infiltrate the European countries. This aggravated the situation between the two countries leading to other problems. Another issue arose between the two states in 1948 when Stalin stopped supplies to reach the Soviet controlled area of Berlin. This led to the problem of starvation in the city and the Allied forces launched a campaign known as the Berlin Airlift which helped in supplied materials in the region. The blockade however stopped in 1949 due to the negotiations which took place between the two states. A proxy war was fought by the Soviet Union against US armed North Koreans. The Soviet Union and Republic of China helped the South Korean communists to fight against their counterparts so that they could weaken the stance of the United States (McMahon 2003 p. 30-35). After Stalin’s death the Soviet Union was ruled by Nikita Khrushchev who openly gave arguments against the Allied forces. The United States started to build upon their containment strategy which was implemented in order to contain the power that the communist forces had in the region. Nuclear Weapons were targeted ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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