The cold war started after Second World War. The main participants and the enemies were Soviet Union and United States. This war is said to be Cold War as during this war none of both countries directly attack on each other, never said directly even a single word…
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Soviet Union tried to empower communism all over the world while United States and its alliance supported many countries of the world to weaken the communism.
After the end of World War II, the Soviet unions decided to spread communism all over the world. The United States determined to stop the spread of Soviet power and communism. For this purpose it provided much financial support to its alliance. The alliances were democracies that were not in favor of communists too. Though they were not able to stop the spread of communism in Eastern Europe, the U.S and Britain were determined to preserve Western Europe from the reach of communists. In the World War II Soviet Union has gained much popularity in the West Europe due to the resistance against the Nazi forces. So there was a chance of election of communist parties in France and Italy. Harry Trumann was the first US president started to fight the cold War.
Britain was the first country that investigated for the nuclear weapons' development. In 1945, Britain was an activist world power. It possessed the second largest national navy, and its Empire-Commonwealth was genuinely global. The Dominions stretched from Canada to Australia, New Zealand and South Africa; it had colonial possessions from the north to the south of the African continent, to the east of Suez, in south and south-east Asia, as well as many scattered, and often strategic, island outposts. India was proclaimed as the 'jewel in the crown' of the Empire.
A major problem for the historians analyzing the impact of military expenditure on the usual working of the economy of a country just after the war is the fact ignored by the liberal economic theory. This theoretical shortfall reflects the fact that the mobilization for industrial warfare can only be achieved through suspending the normal economic operation. While accepting necessity to plan the wartime economy, most British economists considered that after the hostilities and War activities, the resources will be allocated to the market as usual. This is what the liberal economists oppose.
As a part of conversion, the British policy makers faced crucial situation about scaling down the Britain's efforts with its diminished economy and military power in the post war world. Alec Ciancross accepts that the Britain's Defence efforts may have been extraordinarily large and says that the real problem for Britain was the role it was asked to play was beyond its strength. But the other historians criticize the leadership of Britain who did not face the fact that Britain would not be able to meet the global military commitments. The question arises here is this that did the excessive military costs were responsible for low investment leading to weak economy of Britain Usually it seems to be answered that the short term expenses of the war would not affect the long term economy policies. Defence economists analyze short term and even small changes in the economy and
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(“Cold War Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words”, n.d.)
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(Cold War Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words)
“Cold War Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/politics/1505825-cold-war.
In essence, the war can be described as the persistent state of military and political tension between the two states. The Soviet Union and its associates were branded as the Eastern bloc while the United States and their allies were referred to as the Western bloc (Leffler, 2008).
This event provided stimulus for continuously sustaining and expanding the U.S. military capability after the end of WWII and to a higher end, remedied the ‘great depression’ by converging to resolve with political changes the economic and cultural crises alike.
The United State’s strategy during the Cold War shifted slightly, but also remained surprisingly constant. One of the pillars of this strategy was not ever involving the United States in direct confrontation with the Soviet Union: there was a very real fear that any direct confrontation between the two would lead to a nuclear war.
After the Potsdam Conference and the uprising in Greece, several factors were clear that the Soviet leaders were not going to give up their control over the Eastern Europe and the Middle East. This perception of Truman’s Administration about the communist Russia’s expansionist intention played a crucial role in determining the United States’ cold-war policies.
hot,” but it is fair to assume that it was the potential consequences of the use of nuclear weapons that deterred these two countries from turning the war into a hot one. If one country were to actually use these weapons, they would essentially be sealing their own fate in
In response, the American government chose to shore up those regimes, which were allied to it all over the world not only financially but also militarily to ensure that they combated the potential communist forces and
ld war was not only confined to international relations but it had encompassed myriad aspects of domestic and international conditions which had huge impact on the people at large. He affirms that in international relations, Cold War affects social conditions at the national and
phrase as it involved undeclared conflicts and tensions between the Soviet Union and United States whose causes, and the exact start date have not been exactly identified. Consequently, the commencing of the cold war is still a contentious issue today with debaters reflecting
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