It is quite unavoidable to talk about nuclear weapons in a discussion about the Cold War. The Cold War was a period of suspicion and rivalry after the Second World War. This rivalry was between the United…
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An increasing distrust of communism developed among most Americans by the end of the war. Their aim was to ‘hide’ nuclear secrets from Soviet hands. America had a monopoly on nuclear weapons, which ensured that Russia was more manageable from a political point of view. Tension brewed between these two states, and sparked a nuclear arms race.
The nuclear arms race was a period where several countries developed and examined the power of a myriad of nuclear technology. They kept buffer stocks of thousands of nuclear weapons with an aim of being ahead of one another. Power was tested by the country with the best technology. This was a dangerous era, since the possibility of an all-out nuclear war between countries always loomed. The 20th century had a fair share of near catastrophes and uneasy international policies (Swift p. 14).
The Cold War did not make it into the 21st century. Its history explains a period where nations increased their quality and quantity of ‘tools’ of military power; “An arms race.” This period was first encountered in the 19th century where Russia and France confronted Britain’s naval superiority. Germany had attempted to outdo Britain’s fleet, and the effects spilled over into World War I. After the war between Britain, Japan, and the United States, an arms-limitation treaty took place at the Washington Conference.
The degree of tension among nations was high. Nations were incited to develop and test weapons that would wipe out an entire generation. This regime lasted up to November, 1990, when the Conventional Forces in Europe treaty was signed. The entire generation lived under the shadow of looming catastrophe; the survival of humanity was questionable. Any provocation or misunderstanding could have initiated the extinction of humanity. Stockpiles of weapons were developed to levels far beyond
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Even though the Second World War ended in 1945, another undeclared cold war started immediately between America and Soviet Union for capturing supremacy in global political and economical matters. The different political ideologies prevailed in these superpowers (America is under democratic administration whereas Soviet Union was under communist administration) strengthened the cold war immensely.
Carter’s response and application of his doctrine in the form of actions he took to support his claims are discussed in detail. The paper also assesses the effects of his diplomatic efforts on US and other countries as well. Keywords: Cold War, USSR invasion, Carter doctrine The Cold War and U.S Diplomacy Introduction At the end of World War II, USSR and US were the two superpowers.
The Americans proved successful at detonating their first nuclear weapon in 1945, an even that shocked the world and dramatically changed the strategy of warfare forever. The Russians surprised the world by detonating their first nuclear device less than four years later.2 Russia then followed the US by only 4 years in detonating its first thermonuclear (Hydrogen) bomb, beginning a major pattern of back and forth that would continue throughout the Cold War, with one side creating a new development that would improve their ability to destroy the other, followed nearly immediately by the other side catching up or surpassing the other technologically.
Due to the Cold War, international politics changed which resulted in a change in relations among the countries. Foreign policies were changed by many countries during the Cold War era and all these factors had a great influence on the overall global climate.
After the Cold War ended the United States became the only superpower and there was less tension between the U.S and Russia. However the United States’ position to other countries had also changed. The end of the Cold War would eventually lead America to face other enemies and to reconsider national security.
This cold war was mainly started after the success of the alliance that was formed against Nazi Germany. This competition supremacy on nuclear warfare attracted other countries that also started making nuclear war due to the tension that existed in the world.
Happening within such a short time after the second world war, this was the first major clash between the allies and the axis power and foreshadowed a the existence of an even bigger clash between these two powers
The end of the Cold War resulted in the world structure to shift from multipolar and bipolar to unipolar which also caused in statbilities in Third World Nations through withdrawal and disengagement of superpowers, ethnic issues and
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