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Tunisia and the rest of North Africa where Carthage was situated experienced misery, loss of lives and poverty as the Romans in 146 BC vanquished Carthage and burnt it to the ground. The protracted nature of the Punic Wars underscores the aforementioned losses, since logically, the more protracted a battle is, the higher the collaterals are incurred. Particularly, the first Punic War was waged in 264 BC, the second, 218-202 BC and the ultimate, 146 BC (Dio, 1987).
According to Dio (1987), the influence and presence of the Roman Empire in Africa also led to the annexation of different kingdoms such as the Ptolemaic Kingdom. Initially, the Ptolemaic kingdom began when Ptolemy I Soter created a large Hellenistic state spanning from Cyrene to Syria. An alliance would later be formed between Cleopatra and Antony at Tarsus in 41 BC, making the relations between Roman Empire and the Ptolemaic Kingdom more close-knit. Although Cleopatra intended to use the alliance to consolidate her political power, yet it made it easier for the Roman Empire to later annex the kingdom.
Likewise, the Roman Empire spurred onwards, mercantilism and commerce in Africa. This is especially the case, since the Roman Empire maintained close contacts with African provinces which featured among the wealthiest in the Empire after Italy and Syria, trade within the Mediterranean region and coast, northern Africa and Italy became rife. This mercantilism was further aided by the Roman roads which had very dense and comprehensive
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This scenario saw war inevitable and consequently, Rome sprung into the battle field in many occasions to defend and pursue her interests. Such were a series of wars fought between the Romans and the Carthaginians known as the Punic wars. The second Punic war, fought between 208- 201 BC ( Duiker and Spielvogel 2008 p.
Ancient Rome is one of the most recognizable historical eras. People, even those with little historical knowledge, are familiar with the images, mythology, and famous figures, like Julius Caesar, that are associated with Rome. However, Rome’s contributions to modern society are many, some of which, we directly benefit from today.
Roman language has been a base of many European languages like English, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Romanian. Rome has been a centre o f attraction of Olden times and dates back to Eighth century. The most famous ruler of Rome was Julius Cesar and he has conquered many regions during his reign.
Carthage also had “a more powerful navy, more brilliant leaders, wealth and commercial resources”3. On the other hand, Rome had “a more efficient army, a more steadfast body of citizens, a well-organized political system, and a united people”4. In short, Rome and Carthage were almost equal to each other in many respects.
With every outbreak of war between these two great empires, the Roman Empire ended up garnering greater territorial expansion and political influence in the broader Europe. The three wars spanned a period of more than a century, starting from 264 BC and ending in 146 BC.
Part of the explanation for this was the power of the legions, but there is much more had to be done with her attitudes towards other provincials. It might be worth mentioning here about 'how Rome expanded her dominance and cultural-identity over the entire world'.
They represented the type of a peasant who was tenacious and greedy for land. A typical early hero of ancient Rome is Cincinnatus, the dictator taken from a plough, who served as consul of Rome 460 BC and as Dictator in 458 BC and 439 BC. Despite the function he had, he remained on his farm to life as farmer.
Yet in the simplicity of life's undertakings then, ancient societies spun their affairs around people most proximate and around events that obtain in and around their immediate communities. Their world was mostly their families, relatives, neighbors and their town.
The religion of the Western world has also been largely formed by the Romans. The Christian tradition relies upon Roman language and legal systems for much of its legend while the Roman adoption of Christianity as an
However, some biographies are documented. The sport of racing as reported from the ten sources here was just another game watched by many just like the Gladiators. The difference depicted from the fact that it could be played even by minors (4). Crescens a
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