Martin Luther’s trial at ‘Diet of Worms’ punished him with excommunication when he refused to recant his 45 sentences including ninety five theses. That gave him the opportunity to fuel the movement of Protestant Reformation. …
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Martin Luther with the help of his colleagues introduced a new order of prayers at their Electoral Saxony of 1527. He completed many religious literary pieces including his German Mass which was his simpler form of his earlier Latin Mass. The idea was to make religious teachings and scriptures easier for common people. He believed that Catholic Church was not letting people understand the religion, instead they were coming up with their interpretations of the teachings of Christ as they found fitting. What started as a question or a challenge to Catholic teachings turned into a massively popular protestant movement in Christianity.
The Scientific Revolution
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) was one of the greatest scientists of the era of Scientific Revolution. He was an Italian physicist, mathematician, philosopher and astronomer. Galileo constructed his famous theory of heliocentrism which apparently was contradictory to Biblical Scriptures. According to this theory, Galileo correctly demonstrated the orbit of the solar system by stating that the sun is the center around which the earth and other planets revolve. This didn’t sit well with the Catholic Church who blamed Galileo of committing heresy as his theory was against the reading of the scriptures; “The world is firmly established, it cannot be moved” (1 Chronicles 16:30). Galileo faced a trial on suspicion of heresy. Today he is recognized as the iconic challenger in the face of Church’s Authority.
In 1633, Galileo faced his trial which found him guilty of heresy. He was imprisoned and his famous work on solar system orbits, Dialogue was banned.
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(“The Reformation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
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(The Reformation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“The Reformation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1586867-the-reformation.
Mostly the efforts of the reformers who objected to the doctrines and rituals of the Roman Catholic Church led to the creation of the Protestant churches. In 1520, the Reformation spread in Italy and however collapsed in the beginning of the 17th century.
It may have been the match, but the tinder of reformation had been smoldering for centuries.
Europe, for hundreds of years, had been dominated by the Roman Catholic religion in all aspects of society. The citizenry, including peasants, noble born and even royalty believed that individuals (after death) could only achieve salvation through the intercession of a Catholic priest.
In an attempt to keep the followers in the church, the Catholic religion undertook their own self-reformation, which came to be known as the Counter-Reformation. One aspect of their disagreement was over the portrayal of their visual art. The resulting factions
were already predisposed to travel beyond their respective territories having previously been motivated by the Renaissance period to embrace curiosity and adventure (Leinwand 1990, 371).
The primary motivation for European exploration during the Age of Discovery was economic
However, he is a man from a patrician family that learned the mechanical art through apprenticeship (Feinstein 38-39). He is inclined to business that leads to the invention of the movable type of printing press that enables the mass production of books.
This essay discusses how the Reformation in Northern Europe has an effect on painting. Reformation began in Germany, and was amplified by the corrupt practices and manipulation of church administration. The main idea of reformation was an initiative to resist these practices. The reformation offered an alternative view of the christian practice.
The reformation can be attributed to the numerous efforts of groups opposed to the Roman Catholic Church. Some of the causes of the reformation included papacy, purgatory, auricular confession, and the worship of saints and pilgrimages. Factors such as the corruption of