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Cold War is a state of affairs between the former USSR and the USA which are at odds with each other except for the understanding that it is for the best interest of the world that they should avoid direct armed conflict. Instead, they just try to outdo one another in building their armaments and in expanding their allies. The enemy of the USSR became the automatic best friend of the US and vice versa. Whenever the USSR assists another country in the latter’s own conflict, the US immediately goes to the rescue of the enemy of the USSR allies.
Stated otherwise, the cold war was a game of chess. The USSR and the US agreed to avoid direct armed fighting and just play chess instead. The world became the chessboard, the Kings were their own countries, the Queens were their atomic bombs, the other officials were their armies and the pawns were the smaller countries like the divided Korea and divided Vietnam among others. The general game plan was to propagate the capitalist-democratic ideology while containing the other’s communist-authoritarian regime. The player is willing to sacrifice his pawns and even officials just to secure the position of the King on the board.
And in this game of chess, the North and South Koreas became the opening pawns. The USSR was at first not interested in Kim Il-Sung’s plan of invasion, in the same way that the US was already in the process of withdrawing its troops from South Korea. But when the communist north had crushed the capitalist south, the US executed its game plan and plunged itself into war. The US can never allow communism to gain more space in the world.
The US got involved in the war in Korea in order to stop communism from spreading and to protect the capitalism’s position at the peninsula. The National Archives paper has so succinctly puts it, “Thus, when North Korean troops invaded the South, the Truman administration
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The enemies of USA had before this war been crashed almost to the ground with the likes of Japan and Germany serving as major examples. Some had experienced significant destruction such as France and Britain, (this is despite their being on the winning side).
The defeat of Germany towards the end of the Second World War removed the reason for any bonhomie, and the two reverted to their opposing positions. This relationship between the Soviet Union and U.S.A. from the end of the Second World War till the collapse of the Soviet Union came to be known as the Cold War.
This event provided stimulus for continuously sustaining and expanding the U.S. military capability after the end of WWII and to a higher end, remedied the ‘great depression’ by converging to resolve with political changes the economic and cultural crises alike.
During this period, the super powers including US and its NATO allies and Soviet Union remained engaged in intense economic competition, proxy wars and military tensions. While people widely believe that the Cold War was fought to protect each superpowers homeland and defend their interests, it is also widely observed and argues that the overt and covert battles fought during the cold war were actually meant to spread each superpower’s influence across the globe.
Korea in the Cold War
Both superpowers admitted their desire of reunification of Korea, but as in Germany, each nation facilitated the formation of rival regimes below and above the parallel. When the Americans and the Soviet Union withdrew their forces, by 1949, the entire Peninsula was a bristling armed camp, with two antagonistic regimes eyeing each other in suspicion (Kennedy et al.
United States View on the Cold War
One of these powers representing the western world involved in the war was America. The country engaged in the war together with its NATO allies. The communists were led by the Soviet Union2. The Soviet Union engaged in the war together with its satellite states.
Secondly, the paper analyzes the events and actions that occurred in regard to foreign affairs during the Eisenhower administration. The paper also discusses the effects of the diplomatic efforts on the U.S. and other nations. Lastly, the paper discusses the disadvantages and advantages of the Eisenhower doctrine on foreign policy.
The Cold War or the tension between the Western and the Eastern blocs defined the world order after the WWII. During the WWII, the Western and the Eastern nations were ready to co-operate with each other. But the defeat of Germany and its allies in the WWII did not lead the world to long-lasting peace and co-operation.
In particular, both sides wished to have Germany, which was a vast country in need of repair at the time, following in their own footsteps. The day that Germany was divided between the east and the west, the cold war policies of both nations began to take shape with the United States advocating democracy and the curtailment of communism while Russia continued to advocate communism and its spread across the world.