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Historical accounts make it abundantly clear that it is the combination of the three key factors i.e. race, gender, and sexuality that has helped shape some of the major domestic and foreign policies in the United States. This essay looks at how the politics of race, gender, and sexuality contributed in shaping the domestic and foreign policies in America as we know today by exploring the American history and through a comprehensive study of its culture and the identities of the people of color which greatly influenced the country's overall political framework. Race: Causes & History Racism first emerged in the 16th and more specifically during the 17th century when Europeans began enslaving people from Africa as well as the new world. During this period however racism meant that 'certain people who were defined as non-Europeans find themselves ruled and governed by Europeans'. Causes: The key motivation behind it was grounded in economics driven by the motive of profit maximization. The laws that encouraged racism and the racial segregation of people of color were hence developed to enable the whites to use the non-whites as commodities / resources that helped them in achieving their profit objectives. Most of these slaves were hired by the whites to work on plantations since ownership of slaves was regarded as the greatest form of wealth (Racism - A History). The underlying factors that led to the rampant racist attitudes towards the people of color were the inherent fear and apprehension regarding these 'foreign' races.
Blacks, for instance, were perceived as half humans and half animals (Racism: A History) while the Native American tribes were perceived as brutes who kill defenseless women and children (Baigell 4).
The concept of “race” during a fair part of the 19th century was defined strictly with regard to the skin color and the individuals were socially categorized in accordance with their respective race with Europeans (whites) occupying the top spot. However, in 1922 in the case of Ozawa v United States the courts ruled that 'the test of race afforded by the color of the skin of each individual is impracticable as that differs greatly among persons of the same race, even among Anglo-Saxons, ranging by imperceptible gradations from the fair blond to the swarthy brunette, the latter being darker than many of the lighter hued persons of the brown or yellow races'. Thus suggesting that racial boundaries cannot be bound by skin color alone and hence cannot be used to racially divide people (Lopez 195). You need a transitional sentence that connects this paragraph to the next. So even though the law exists, racism still prevails at an institutional level. The legal and judicial system in the U.S. had time and again used the law as a tool of racial segregation. One such instance is the case of the manner in which the U.S. used the law to prevent mass migration of Chinese workers to California during the gold rush. The state of California passed its first anti-Chinese laws during the 1850s including the levying of a special tax targeted at the Chinese to dissuade them from flooding American shores in hordes (Bill Moyers Special:
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Read about the American Anti-Imperialist League at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/ 1899antiimp.html. What was their view of Imperialism? Discuss the outcome of this foreign policy going into the Twentieth Century. In political science studies, it is not often that one reads of American Imperialism.
The consolidation of the railroads contributed to a huge expansion in trade. The speed and scope of this expansion, and the government’s inability to regulate it, led to the Crises of the 1890’s. In 1893, the Philadelphia and Reading Railroads went bankrupt, “setting off financial panic” (Davidson, et al., 2010, p.
The role of gender in American political history was represented by each author in a different way. The texts in this paper include the one by Banner which explains the rights of the women, Hodes text that describes the illegal relationships between the white women and black men. Another text is by Hoganson, which interprets the male domination.
When a state or country uses this policy, it would always imply the use of power in forms of military force or other means. In addition, this policy is often used to denounce and degrade the foreign policy of opponents (“Imperialism,” 2011). Further, this paper seeks to discuss the major events during American imperialism.
The liaisons started the century of the Victorian Britain through to the struggle against apartheid in South Africa (Gutierrez, 2012, p. 71). The instructive masculine ethos was common in the Edwardian and Victorian Britain and appeared as a strategic to build and develop a spirit des corps aimed at becoming the stronghold of the British Empire.
In fact, some women became leading propagandists of the Empire. A name that comes across as an example for this category is that of Flora Shaw (first colonial Editor, Times, 1890-1900), who believed in white superiority and held a masculinist view of the empire.
On the other hand, any planning approach which depends rather exclusively on fiscal or pure economic policies from the top eventually finds itself mired in a cycle of underdevelopment, or gross economic growth without equitable human development.
h is deployed whenever there is economic domination of one region or country over another-specifically, the formal or informal control over local economic resources in a manner advantageous to the metropolitan power, and at the expense of the local economy. Economic control
In nineteenth century, Americans showed interest towards expansion of America. Many ways were adopted for the acquisition of foreign lands.
The imperialist strategies adopted by the Americans in various lands encountered enough resistance from not only the
The term ‘development’ may be given different meaning as every individual’s perspective allows him in a particular period of time (Coopper.1999). The world has passed through feudalism, Colonialism, Capitalism etc., to reach the present state of development. It has been
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