In October 1962, there was a big confrontation between the Soviet Union together with Cuba and the United States on the other side. This confrontation lasted for 14 days. It was feared that this could have led to the Third World War…
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sed the tension between the US and the Soviet Union increased to an extent that the US Navy ships opening fire and engaging in warning shots as a way of calming down the situation. After the 1945 incident, the US was not ready to permit any nuclear war especially on their ground and it is for this reason that the Kennedy administration decided to play it cool. In October 28, 1962 14 days after the confrontation started, a resolution was reached. The US made a national promise never to attack Cuba secretly and the Cuban administration agreed to dismantle the Soviet Union missiles and ordered them back to USSR base. Moreover, the US decided secretly to dismantle all US built Jupiter IRBMs nuclear weapons that it had deployed in Turkey and Italy in preparation for a war against the Soviet Union. After having summarized this case study, we shall apply specific theories in an attempt to consider the conflict resolution process that may have led to peaceful resolution of the missile crisis considering that this was a very dangerous mission. In this paper, I am going to look at the Cuban missile crisis through the lens of three different theories. The first theory will be about the process approach based on theoretical framework as developed by Zartman and Druckman’s model. The second approach will be the Prospect theory as proposed by Haas and finally the Simple Game theory as developed by Zartman. According to Druckman, international negotiation is a process, which considers various factors such as political affiliations, economic impact, foreign policies and the side effects of the negotiation (Druckman 327). According to Druckman, the process of negotiation begins from a bottom to up process referred to as building a package. Druckman suggest that during the formation...
Cuban Missile Crisis has been a subject under serious discussions and studies as many scholars aim at finding out how to apply the principles and theories of conflict resolution that led to the end of a 14-day crisis amongst the world superpowers. From this study, we learned about the process theory, which summarized that conflict resolution is a process that requires negotiation. We considered factors like the mission, aim, strategies, and reference points. We have studied also about the Druckman and Zartman contribution to the Cuban missile crisis. We have also learned about the simple game theory, which is a process that aims at maximizing the outcomes of the negotiations through several considerations. We have also learned about the prospect theory and its application to the Cuban Missile Crisis. The theory is summarized as follows. “When individuals perceive themselves to be experiencing losses at the time they make a decision, and when their probability estimates associated with their principal policy options are in the moderate to high range, they will tend to make excessively risky, non-value-maximizing choices”.
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At the end a very good political wisdom was shown by the presidents of both the states and the war was averted. By the end of 50’s, United States have gained strong dominance in the arm race between the two countries the United States had the ability to target the whole of the Soviet Union through its most advanced and technically very stable missile system.
Discussions began in December 1959 of the destabilization of Castro's government or of his removal from power (Andrew 1995). Eisenhower in particular was worried about the threat posed by Castro's regime, explaining to British Prime Minister Macmillan in August 1960, "that if Castro survived another year, 'most of the Governments in this Hemisphere … run the risk of being overtaken by revolution…" (Andrew 1995: p.
Impact on international Trade vii. Conclusion Abstract The Cuban missile crisis is a turning point in history, for after the two World Wars; it was the third time that two of the most powerful nations came closer to a nuclear conflict. The conflict lasted for a total of 13 days between the United States on one side and Cuba and Soviet Union on the other.
It is worth noting that the crisis is generally observed as the instant in which the Cold War moved towards a nuclear conflict. Furthermore, it is also the main recognized instance of mutual assured destruction (MAD) being deliberated as a decisive factor in a key international arms settlement (Acheson, 1969).
It was during the breakfast on October 16th that President Kennedy acquired information from the Intelligence bureau about Soviet Unions secret missile base in Cuba. Soviet foreign minister Andrei Gromyko met the President Kennedy and he denied any kind of threat caused by the missile base to the U.S.
It was a provocative political movement where US armed forces tried to takeover Cuban command where Soviet leaders in Cuba were prepared to employ nuclear weapons in order to defend the island in case of
Many historians tend to believe that the handling of the Cuban missile crisis by the then United States president J.F. Kennedy was a success. On the other hand the quick administration response from J.F. Kennedy formed a core basis on which other nations like the United States should deploy when dealing with other nations like Iran.
The Cuban Missile crisis brought a lot of confusion between the world super powers: the United States and Russia. This was because the two countries were in a competition to gain world influence. The Soviet Union was for communism and hence advocated for it. The United States on the hand greatly championed for capitalism.
During the World War 1, the major superpowers in the world conflicted in one of the most deadly conflicts. In the conflict that lasted for five years, the warring countries used their sophisticated weaponry and machines to
Responding to the failed Bay of Pigs invasion that took place in 1961 as well as the presence of American ballistic missiles in Italy and Turkey which was against the USSR with Moscow within range, the leader of the Soviet Union agreed to the request by Cuba to
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