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The Bay of Pigs Invasion - Research Paper Example

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The writer of this paper analyzes the Bay of Pigs Invasion, which was carried out Cuban exiles with the help of covert support of the United States to liberate Cuba from the communist dictator Fidel Castro. But the operation was a failure and earned John F. Kennedy administration public humiliation…
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The Bay of Pigs Invasion
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Download file to see previous pages Code named Zapata, the Bay of Pigs invasion was an unsuccessful attempt by US backed Cuban exiles to overthrow the Fidel Castro regime in Cuba. In the eventuality of the operation’s success, the USA would have given immediate recognition to the new government.
The invasion of Cuba began on April 15th with the bombing of air bases of Cuba by B-26 bombers. The US B-26 bombers were disguised to carry the Cuban insignia to give the impression that they belonged to the Cuban exiles. Apparently, the air attacks on Cuban airfields were carried out with the intention of crippling the country’s small air force. Since Castro was anticipating the attack and he had made preparations much in advance, the air raids could inflict minimal damage to the Cuban fleet. Seven men lost their lives in the air attack.
The actual operation began on April 17, 1961 at the Bay of Pigs or Bahía de Cochinos, lying towards the south east of capital Havana. At the break of the dawn, two groups of exiles landed on Playa Giron beach and one group landed at Playa Larga beach. The immediate motive of the attack was to occupy a portion of the island nation, incite the public, coordinate with the guerillas active in the mountains, and storm the capital Havana. However, the entire air force of Cuba was pressed into service by Castro to stop the brigade to move up further. And within a few hours the air force of Cuba had established supremacy in the air.
Two ships carrying heavy equipment, Houston and Río Escondido, anchored in the Bay of Pigs were attacked and sunk. Another two ships carrying provisions and ammunition for the exiles immediately left the area to escape the attack. The three approach roads that could take the insurgents further into the island were heavily defended by the Cuban troops. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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