Nobody downloaded yet

Byzantine and Islamic systems - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The Byzantine and Islamic systems pose a challenge in the attempt to classify them as either unique or adaptations of previous systems, considering that both systems applied a combination of both previous adaptations and unique elements…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.4% of users find it useful
Byzantine and Islamic systems
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Byzantine and Islamic systems"

Download file to see previous pages While previous adaptations played a major role in shaping the conflict that occurred between the Byzantine and Islamic empires, they were insufficient to operate on their own due to the consistent changes and dynamics that had occurred in the empires over time (Miller, 2002 n.p.). Therefore, it was inevitable for both systems to adapt a unique and current tactics and strategies that would not suffice for the intended dominance and supremacy wars. The Byzantine system borrowed more from the already collapsed Roman Empire of the 4th century, since they were more or less founded on similar principles (Watson, 2010 p87). Similarly, the Islamic systems also borrowed very much from the Huns, who were ancient Muslims who also had engaged in fights with the earlier Roman opponents, only that there was an addition of more Islam zeal during this period (Esposito, 1988 p37). Thus, it is apparent that both systems adapted strategies that would enable them defeat their opponents, which included forging ties with the neighboring empires to reinforce their might. Nevertheless, through academic research, this explorative paper concluded that both the Byzantine Empire and Islamic System had military, cultural and economic force. However, the analysis found that the Islamic empire had a religious force behind their push, which served to compensate for the lack of a sophisticated administrative system, like the one that the Byzantine Empire had already put in place. Military within Byzantine Empire was made up of a large force, which did not reduce despite several incursions from the Muslims, owing to the continued growth of the population within the Byzantine Empire (Watson, 2010 p82). Byzantine Empire Military managed to maintain a huge force starting the 10th century through the 12th century, although the sufficient resources required to create such large armies and enhance their efficiency had dwindled over time, making it impossible for the empire to establish a large efficient national army. The strength of the Byzantine Empire Military was based on the establishment of a sophisticated administrative system through the 10th and the 11th century, referred to as the theme system (Haldon, 2002 p12). This system divided the whole Byzantine Empire into several administrative units, which were then able to consolidate their authority over the territory they manned, at the expense of the establishment of large national army, which would require much resources and logistical planning and strategies. The thematic system was applied as an effective solution tool, to counter the Islamic army attacks, which were being experienced from different sides of the Byzantine Empire, making it possible for rapid response to the attacks, as opposed to the large national military response, which would be delayed by the logistical and the resource requirements (Miller, 2002 n.p.). The essence of the thematic military strategy applied by the Byzantine Empire, was to maintain a full time field presence of the troops in different regions of the empire that were prone to attacks, something that would not be efficient, through the use of a large national army (Esposito, 1988 p42). Military within Islamic System was based on a different system, which was an element of the previous adaptations from the Huns, who were also involved in conflicts with the earlier Roman Empire. The ‘hit and run’ tactic was the one the Muslim system mostly applied in their assault against the Byzantine Empire, which was perpetually threatened from various quarters. However, while the Muslim system borrowed the tactic from the Huns, who had previously engaged in a series of battle with the Roman Empire, they invoked the religious ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Byzantine and Islamic systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/history/1491235-were-the-byzantine-and-islamic-systems-unique-or
(Byzantine and Islamic Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/history/1491235-were-the-byzantine-and-islamic-systems-unique-or.
“Byzantine and Islamic Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1491235-were-the-byzantine-and-islamic-systems-unique-or.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Byzantine Empire
.... Iconoclasm The Muslim Arabs introduced iconoclasm which was readily accepted by the Byzantine soldiers and then the Emperors as well which resulted in destruction of thousands of Idols and works of art which means the Roman culture which was preserved in these pieces of arts was being destroyed. This turned out to be the last attack on already deteriorated Roman cultural values and the Roman identity. Rise of Islam The rise of Islam in Arab resulted in the involvement of Arabs in the region who were mere spectators of the conflict between Persia and Rome in the past. They started first the conquest of the Persian lands in east and then destroyed the Western Roman Empire. Having lost its...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Etruscan - Byzantine
...? Roman architecture and Byzantine Architecture are two of the architectural styles that are somewhat similar yet different in so many aspects. Originating from these architectural styles are Pantheon from the Roman architecture and Hagia Sophia from Byzantine. Pantheon, which is located in Rome, is admired for its concept of space and the amazing feats of architecture that makes it stand out from the other architectural styles. A characteristic feature of this style is the use of arcuated (arches) and trabeated (straight or horizontal beams) construction. It is also characterized by neighboring columns, superimposed and engaged, serves as an embellishment to the structure. Roman style is also...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Byzantine Coinage: Constantinople's Commemoratives
...? Byzantine Coinage: Constantinople's Commemoratives Byzantine Coinage: Constantinople's Commemoratives I. Introduction Byzantine coins are the most collected coins of the past and perhaps this could be attributed to the relative availability of the coin due to the long existence of the Byzantine empire which minted the coin. In addition, the range of the variety of the coins can be considered wider compared to other types of coin in the past such as those coinage used by the Persians and Sassanids whereby many still survived and even can be purchased to this date. Such, it would be an interesting exploration to know the various coinage that was minted with the different...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Holy Byzantine Women
...?  Byzantine Holy Women Jessica Schuette Wayne  Byzantine Holy Women Introduction The history of the Byzantine Empire is fascinating. The accounts we have of Byzantine life allow us to have a glimpse into the political, religious, social, economic life of a time long gone. Unfortunately, many of these accounts are one sided, as we have so few accounts of the women who so greatly impacted this society. With this in mind, one often wonders how, exactly, Byzantine women found their place in Byzantine society. This question is an important one to answer because we cannot gain an accurate picture of Byzantine society when we...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper
Byzantine Art: Comparison Paper
...18 February 2007 Byzantine Art: Comparison Paper Necklace with Medallion and Amulet: A necklace with a medallion and an amulet, both from different periods in the Byzantine era, lends itself to a comparison between the two objects in question as they both accentuate and bring to life unique aspects of Byzantine art. The necklace is made of gold and intricately crafted with a twisted design. This unusual design gives it a delicate yet sturdy appearance. Suspended from the gold chain is a medallion, wrought in gold. It is medium - sized and disk - shaped. This ornamental piece is likely to have been made for the purpose of personal adornment. The medallion would also have been a symbol of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Byzantine Constantinople
...Scribner's Sons. 1915. Elias, Jamal J. Islam. London: Routledge, 1999. Flood, Finbarr Barry. The Great Mosque of Damascus: Studies on the Makings of an Umayyad Visual Culture. Boston: Brill, 2001. Hutton, William Holden. Constantinople: The Story of the Old Capital of the Empire. London: J. M. Dent & Sons, 1921. Jackh, Ernest. The Rising Crescent: Turkey Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1944. Magdalino, Paul. "Chapter Four Aristocratic Oikoi in the Tenth and Eleventh Regions of Constantinople." Byzantine Constantinople: Monuments, Topography, and Everyday Life. Ed. Nevra Necipoglu. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2001. 53-69. Mango, Marlia Mundell. "Chapter Three The Porticoed...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Byzantine Empire
..., and having no children, she chose a successor in Michael VI, who was not even related to her. She was best known for her severity and control of unruly officials in her time. History remembers her as the last Empress from the Macedonian dynasty. Partly due to the influence of these women, the Byzantine Empire rose to greater power, especially during the renowned Macedonian dynasty. It was the strongest power in the Eastern Mediterranean basin. There were wars against the Bulgarian Empire and King Basil, and Byzantium at its peak stretched far and wide, from Armenia to Southern Italy. These powerful women wielded their strength and used their feminine guile to advantage. Irene, for example, even tried to arrange her...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Western And Byzantine Civilizations
...Review of Documents The two documents reviewed in this work both deal with the historical period that followed the decline of the Roman Empire and the two civilizations that followed – the Western and Byzantine civilizations, that evolved in the former Western and eastern Roman Empires. The Western civilization comprised the barbarians like the Anglo-Saxons and the Franks among others who took over the western regions and adopted much of the Roman culture which they admired, using Latin side by side with their tribal languages. The basic principles of Roman law were also adopted by this civilization which resulted in the primarily Catholic religion among these people. The eastern part of the Roman Empire achieved greatness... a valuable...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Vision of Byzantine Art
...Vision of Byzantine Art Byzantine art served to express Christian deity and spirituality. Specifically, Pietro Cavallini was a Byzantine artist that worked mostly with mosaics and painting designs. He is most famous for two particular pieces entitled Life of the Virgin and the Last Judgment. The piece that this paper will be examining is The Last Judgment. This particular piece was painted in the year 1293 and is also known as Cavallini’s masterpiece. Cavallini was considered to be a Roman naturalist and was quite influential to other aspiring artists. Pietro mainly remained in Rome and is said to have lived to have been a hundred years ol at his time of death. Certainly,...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Byzantine icon painting
...Byzantine Icons. Byzantine art is the term used to refer to the artistic products of the Eastern Roman Empire from about the fifth century to the fall of Constantinople in 1453. It differs from classical art in its emphasis on Christian ethic and morality. The most important and dominant form of Byzantine art is the Byzantine icon. The word icon is derived from the Greek eikones and refers to sacred images representing Christ, the Virgin Mary and the saints. Although the contemporary term has come to represent wooden panel painting, icons could be crafted in all media, including marble, ivory, ceramic, gemstone, precious metal, enamel, textile, fresco, and mosaic. Icons...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Byzantine and Islamic systems for FREE!
Contact Us