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Why did Islam and the Arabs succeed in spreading throughout the greater Middle East/ Gulf against the Byzantines and Persians What were the Military successes of the Omayyad and Abbasids Arab empires - Admission/Application Essay Example

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The early Islamic state was based in Saudi Arabia, centered in Medina under the administrative and religious leadership of its founding father, Prophet Muhammad. Following his unexpected death in 632, there was a power vacuum since the prophet had not named his preferred…
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Why did Islam and the Arabs succeed in spreading throughout the greater Middle East/ Gulf against the Byzantines and Persians What were the Military successes of the Omayyad and Abbasids Arab empires
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Why did Islam and the Arabs succeed in spreading throughout the greater Middle East/ Gulf against the Byzantines and Persians What were the Military successes of the Omayyad and Abbasids Arab empires

Download file to see previous pages... Abu Bakr used military force against the dissenting clans and the nation of Islam was re-united, albeit under intense inter-clan tension. Following his death, his successor Umar wisely chose to channel this aggression externally by mounting a series of military campaigns against the Persian and Byzantine empires in a bid to expand the largely Arab nation of Islam in what we now consider the Middle East region (Lapidus 21).
This campaign proved successful as the Arab led the nation of Islam, defeated the seemingly militarily superior Byzantine and Persian empires. Their success was based on a number of factors. First among them was that the two major Middle Eastern empires, Persia and Byzantium, were already significantly weakened through perennial in fighting against each other for centuries. Both sides had suffered great losses in terms of military personnel and overall morale by the time the Arabs mounted their expansionist military campaign. The Arabs also had cavalry superiority with camels to supplement their warhorses, what camels lacked in speed they made up for in resilience and superior desert mobility (Davidson and Goldschmidt 52). The Arab invaders, in a stroke of tactical genius, lured out the Byzantine and Persian forces to desert battlegrounds; in the sandy terrain, their mixed cavalry offered them tactical superiority. To make up for their numerical disadvantage, the Islamic nation incorporated non-Muslim Arabs who were motivated to rise against the Persian and Byzantine empires due to the economic hardships they had endured because of the exclusion policies of the two empires. Another factor that further weakened the Byzantine Empire was the increasing theological differences between the Christian sects within it, caused by controversy over the divine nature of Christ. The Christians whose views opposed those adopted by the empire, joined the Arab ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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