Nobody downloaded yet

American History - 'Reconstruction succeeded in reintegrating the union, but the attempt to grand civil rights to the country - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Name of student: Topic: Lecturer: Date of Presentation: Introduction The civil war which was the deadliest in American history left the South smashed thus the post-war period was that of Reconstruction. The main aim of this Reconstruction was to bring the confederate states back to the union and to punish those had engaged in the rebellion…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.1% of users find it useful
American History - Reconstruction succeeded in reintegrating the union, but the attempt to grand civil rights to the country
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"American History - 'Reconstruction succeeded in reintegrating the union, but the attempt to grand civil rights to the country"

Download file to see previous pages The presidents that assumed office thereafter continued with the same trend though they were more sympathetic to the white South. The Republican Radicals were not happy with the presidential Reconstructions hence decided to take over the mandate themselves through the congress. Although congressional Reconstruction was moderate it managed to secure some civil and political rights for the blacks especially through the push of Republican Radicals. The issue of most contention during this period was the social rights which most of the Americans believed should be earned through hard work and not through legislations. In the end, the question that needs to be answered is; were Reconstruction goals achieved? This paper will argue that although Reconstruction succeeded in reintegrating the union, the attempt to grant civil rights to the country’s black population was already lost by 1877. This is because although Black rights were afforded through the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments to the US constitution and the Civil Rights Acts of 1866 and 1875, much of it was reversed by the Jim Crow laws with the blessing of the Supreme Court. The terror groups such as Ku Klux Klan, Red Shirts and White League also did not give opportunity to the blacks to enjoy their rights. This was further worsened by the union of Northerners and Southerners at the expense of black rights. 100 years after the end of slavery, racial inequality still persisted and continues to haunt Americans to date. Abraham Lincoln in his inaugural speech stated clearly his plans for Reconstruction of the South even before the war had ended. By 1863, the confederates had already accepted defeat and were waiting to be reprimanded by the Union. However, civil the war ended in 1865. Lincolns Reconstruction was very moderate and lenient. In December 1863 he made a proclamation of amnesty and Reconstruction granting pardon to those who took oath to support the constitution of United States and the Union of states.1 He also established provisional governments which were to be under executive control. The only individuals exempted from amnesty were those who aided in the rebellion especially confederate army and navy. Conspicuously missing in oath-taking, voting and holding office in the new governments were the blacks. This is despite his declaration that “the restoration of Rebel states to the union must rest upon the principle of civil and political equality of both races”.2 This clearly indicates that the intention of Reconstruction from onset was the unity of the union while the black rights were relegated to the background. The emancipation proclamation of 1863 freeing all slaves had given hope to the blacks that their condition would improve but this was just rhetoric. According to Kenneth Stamp a great historian, Lincolns hope was to persuade a great mass of blacks to leave the country although his views had changed by 1865 when he was assassinated. By this time, he believed blacks could become integral part of American life.3 He faced his death due to his insistence on abolition of slavery especially in the south. After him came Andrew Johnson in 1865. The reign of Johnson was filled with many gains as well as losses. Many Republicans had high hopes that he would deliver the promise of racial equality and punish the rebel states. His hatred for the South planter class was apparent and in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“American History - 'Reconstruction succeeded in reintegrating the Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(American History - 'Reconstruction Succeeded in Reintegrating the Essay)
“American History - 'Reconstruction Succeeded in Reintegrating the Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
American History reconstruction
...Reconstruction in American History: Changes towards the Better End In the US history Reconstruction had brought about some age-worthy changes in order to make the nation steadier as a whole. Reconstruction’s primary goals were to end Slavery and to reintegrate the South with the mainstream of the nation, though for many of the Southerners it was a further insult added, by the Northern polity, to the injury of the Civil War. It began with President Lincoln’s affirmative actions for a race-blind, equal and reunited America. While Lincoln took a more lenient and tolerant course to end slavery and reuniting...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
The American Civil Rights Movement
...?Sayah A. AlMansoori The American Civil Rights Movement American Civil Rights Movement refers to the African Americansrights movements in United States of America during 1955 and 1968.Principally aimed at eliminating cultural discrimination against African Americans, the movements also demanded the restoration of voting rights in Southern states. In this paper, my goal is to discuss The American Civil Rights Movement in a brief manner. The movement’s main form of resistance was civil disobedience which...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
African American History -- defying Dixie:the radical roots of civil rights
...?African American History -- Defying Dixie: The Radical Roots of Civil Rights Glenda Gilmore’s text Defying Dixie: The Radical Roots of Civil Rights,1919-1950, presents a comprehensive portrait of the various elements that contributed to the later establishment of the Civil Rights Movement. Gilmore’s text examines a number of wide-ranging themes, the collection of which have for the most part been neglected for the greater scholastic focus on the Civil Rights Movement. Still, it’s clear how these marginalized concerns constitute a comprehensive battle against Jim Crow,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Book Report/Review
The American Revolution, Civil War and Reconstruction
...women’s movements and status can effectively bring out the themes of changing fortunes in relation to civil rights and dominance during the period under scrutiny. This study discusses the Civil War, the Reconstruction and the plights of African Americans, women and White elites during the period from the American Revolution to the Civil war. The thesis for the study is that the freedom spirit and equality as laid out in the Declaration of Independence were not maintained during this period. THE CIVIL WAR The American Civil War is one of the country’s...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Civil War and Reconstruction
...The Civil War and the Reconstruction in American History: Changes towards the Better End In the US history, the Civil Warand subsequent Reconstruction had brought about a number of momentous changes in the race-relation in the US society. The abolitionist North’s decided victory in the Civil War further boosted up the country’s clear constitutional and legal stance against slavery. But the defeated South was not ready for an overnight end to slavery, though both constitutionally and legally it was abolished in country. Consequently historical events like...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Civil War&Reconstruction
... The Civil War and Reconstruction The ultimate crisis that United s has to go through was in 1861. The Northern and southern states were unequal in terms of economical, social, and political conditions. Northern States were the region where industrialization followed and Southern states were basically agricultural. This diversity and difference was led by the issue of African-American slavery in United States at that time which was also a prominent issue. This irregular establishment separated the North from the South. Southerners were of the opinion that slavery should persist to exist as they needed African-Americans to work on their farms. However, Northerners were industrializing and wanted to restrict slavery or eliminate... out a soft...
3 Pages(750 words)Admission/Application Essay
African american civil rights movement
...have a “sharecropping or crop lien” system with their co-African American citizens (Bhatt n. pag.). However, with the help of refreshing the Freedman Bureau, which was a law enacted in year 1865-72, the Blacks could really experience the freedom from slavery (“Freedman’s Bureau”). Concomitantly, the Blacks could also experience the freedom to take up their lands with equal division and proper management. However, the Freedman Bureau was not enough during the Civil Right’s time because the reconstruction of rules for the betterment of all mankind (either Blacks or Whites) was not properly followed. Conclusion The African Americans have suffered much in...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Civil war and reconstruction
...History and Political Science Civil War and Reconstruction There was a significant crisis faced by United s, whereby the Northern and Southern states had become less social, economical and political. The North was commercial and industrial, while the south was agricultural; and the two sections had a difference related to African-American slavery. In the North, there were efforts to limit the spread of slavery by abolishing it, while in the South, people wanted to maintain and expand the institution, hence making slavery a focal point of political crisis, in fact, during 1800-1860, the Southern economy built on "the backs of slaves". Therefore, the paper will focus on...
2 Pages(500 words)Term Paper
Civil war and American Reconstruction
...mainly thrived on agriculture and considered slaves a vital part of their production resources. The slaves offered rich farmers cheap labor, something that they needed to ensure that their farms maintained high outputs. The south states managed to stay for long in the war given they had an advantage over their counterparts in fighting in the interior and had a wealth of experience at war. Many historians agree that the reconstruction took place between 1865 and 1877. The reconstruction was characterized by the move by the U.S. government and North states to reunite the country following the civil war (Digital History par. 5). It was also characterized...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Reconstruction after civil war
...determined to reach the new land. The dangerous desert animals again consumed thousands of us. My brother died of a dangerous snake bite and a friend turned blind due to the snake venom spat on his eyes. Still the thirst across the desert was notwithstanding. Scores were dehydrated to death. Thank God He had taken all my relatives and so I had none to care about. I had the little water to myself. When we finally crossed the borders into the southern territory, our hearts were relieved. A sigh of relief covered our eyes. We had finally escaped from our cruel masters in the north. We had one more thing to overcome, so that we could start a new life in a new land. Where? How? Are questions that kept lingering in our minds. All in all,...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic American History - 'Reconstruction succeeded in reintegrating the union, but the attempt to grand civil rights to the country for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us