Executive summary Transnational gangs are termed as gangs that are formed in one country but do their illicit businesses in more than one country. These gangs are known to use illicit activities and corruption in the countries they operate in order to achieve their goals…
Download file to see previous pages...
Transnational gangs in America are mostly in what is known as the northern triangle; El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala. The United States and Mexico have a hand in the continuation of transnational gangs influence through their immigration policies (Johnson, 2006). The American government and other governments in the Americas have been trying to get rid of the transnational gangs, but has become a challenge with the improvement and sophistication of technology. This report will analyse transnational gangs in America, their emergence, factors of emergence, the role of government in their expansion and influence, the role of technology, and what the governments are doing to combat the gangs. Word Count, 1626. Contents Executive summary 1 Contents 1 Introduction 2 History of Transnational Gangs in America 3 Characteristics of transnational gangs 4 Role of United States Foreign Policy 5 Current Intervention Measures 7 Conclusion 9 Bibliography 10 Barkan, E.,(2012). Immigrants in American History: Arrival, Adaptation, and Integration. Santa Barbra: ABC-CLIO Publishers. 10 Diaz, T.,(2008). No Boundaries: Transnational Latino Gangs and American Law Enforcement. Detroit: University of Michigan Press. 10 DeLugan, R., (2012). Reimagining National Belonging: Post-Civil War El Salvador in a Global Context. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. 11 Finckenauer, J.,(2007). Effectively Combating Transnational Organized Crime. National Institute of Justice. [online] Available at: < http://www.nij.gov/nij/topics/crime/transnational-organized-crime/effective-practices.htm> [Accessed 5 October 2013]. 11 Garland, S., (2009). Gangs in Garden City: How Immigration, Segregation, and Youth Violence Are Changing America's Suburbs. New York: Nation Books. 11 Odem, M and Lacy, E.,(2009). Latino Immigrants and the Transformation of the U.S. South. Athens: University of Georgia Press. 12 Prowse, C., (2012). Defining Street Gangs in the 21st Century: Fluid, Mobile, and Transnational Networks. Berlin: Springer. 12 Ruiz, V and Korrol, V.,(2006). Latinas in the United States, set: A Historical Encyclopedia. St. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. 12 White, R., (2013). Youth Gangs, Violence and Social Respect: Exploring the Nature of Provocations and Punch-Ups. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 13 Zilberg, E., (2011). Space of Detention: The Making of a Transnational Gang Crisis between Los Angeles and San Salvador. Durham: Duke University Press.. 13 Introduction Transnational gangs in America are a form of organized crime operating in more than one country. There are leaders who rule the gangs, and their main objective is to make money (National Institute of Justice, 2013). Though they were quite a number of transnational gangs, the influence of transnational gangs in America was realized after the El Salvador civil war in the 1980s (National Institute of Justice, 2013). United States and other countries in America, in a quest to help the affected allowed them to relocate to these countries. Some El Salvadorans formed gangs, which are claimed to operate from Los Angeles. Transnational gangs have a lot of influence. The current improvement and development of new technology has made them even stronger. Governments have been trying their best to control these gangs, but they have proved to be too smart and elusive for them. Corruption of government officials could be the main reason why they are becoming powerful as time unwinds. American governments have be
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Report : Transnational Gangs in the Americas Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1488561-report-transnational-gangs-in-the-americas
(Report : Transnational Gangs in the Americas Essay)
“Report : Transnational Gangs in the Americas Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1488561-report-transnational-gangs-in-the-americas.
Economic studies or cultural studies related to a specific region or country is widely influenced by transnational migration figures and hence there is increased interest among researchers and academicians to keep tabs on the migration statistics. Broadly transnational migration can be categorized as internal or domestic migration, international migration and refugee movements (Newbold, 2010).
In terms of legal definition, the members of gangs commonly violate laws on a regular basis (Kinnear, 2009, p.40). A more specific definition by Sandra Gardner in 1983 defined gang as “an organization of young people from early teens to early twenties, with a specific name and claims a particular territory, has regular meetings and distinct leaders, and exhibits the most important factor which is delinquency” (Kinnear, 2009, p.3).
This increased prevalence of gang activities is more in the urban areas than in rural counties where some level of decline has been recorded over the same period. Gangs terrorize neighborhoods by invading people’s homes, robbing and stealing from businesses and manipulating drug trade among other negative activities.
In the past, gangs were taken lightly as representing “play groups”, but recent times have seen them transforming to take up more pejorative connotations. Today, gangs are considered more pathological as opposed to functional groupings to the extent of almost becoming synonymous with criminal and violent groups.
It is believed that youth gangs initially appeared in Europe, or Mexico. However it is not totally clear when or why youth gangs made their appearance in the United States. The earliest record of their appearance in the United States may have been as early as 1783, as the American Revolution ended.
These responsibilities are deemed as one of the most important activities of the country.
However, there are juveniles who went astray and become menace of the society. They tend to do things, which most criminals do. They are engaged in activities that is harmful and disgrace to the society.
Most prison gang members are from a poorer class. Gender is also a factor in prison gangs. Men are more likely to form gangs in prison than their women counterparts. While women are active gang members outside prison walls, the formation of
Accordingly, the globalisation phenomenon has led to the internationalisation of knowledge, goods and people across international borders. While it is easy to think of globalisation in purely economic terms, this phenomenon has also set the stage
A low rating is always given when the situation reflects an increase in job opportunities and vice versa. An independent body can save the local population by giving the real evaluation analysis. As seen, when there are many job positions,
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Report : Transnational Gangs in the Americas for FREE!