A young boy growing up in the inner-city of Los Angeles will have 1 of 5 chance of joining a gang. Chances are that his father was in a gang and brothers and sisters are in a gang or ready to join one. His only friends are gang bangers…
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I served my internship in Los Angeles County Probation and interviewed/ discussed the ‘ways’ of gang life with young adults. The impression I was given was that they were preparing themselves for something bigger… the penitentiary. These young gang members were preparing themselves for an allegiance that was far bigger. During my internship I learned that the Los Angeles County Probation Department provides secure detention for delinquent minors in juvenile halls and control and rehabilitation programs in camps. Juvenile halls and camps provide confinement to minors ranging in age from 8 to 18 who await adjudication and disposition of legal matters. More than 56% of these Camp Residents were Hispanic/Latino (FBI Files 2008, p. 28). Graduates of these camps go on to state adult residences and are initiated through the process of joining a larger organization to survive. The newly inducted to state and federal institutions spend years as associates known as “Surenos” doing the organizations handiwork in the prison and out of prison. (Blatchford, 2008, p. 124) Purpose of the Stud
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“The Mexican Mafia Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 10750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1398234-the-mexican-mafia.
Beginning as early as the 1950’s changes began to occur in the prisons of the United States. These changes progressively eroded the inmate code of the past, and new sources of power and control emerged in the state prison system. Traditional Inmate Codes Sykes and Messinger (1960) studied the traditional inmate code in which they identified five main principles.
In 2009, the Corrections department had a budget of about $8 billion for the operations at the 33 prisons in the state, which have a design capacity of about 100,000 inmates but currently hold more than 170,000. To make matters worse, expert forecast the population to grow to about 190,000 in the next three years (James 34).
(Hood 36). Capital crimes vary according to various jurisdictions. Murder, rape, drug trafficking, treason, mutiny, armed robbery etc. are some of the common offenses that attract death penalty. The history of death penalty runs back to ancient civilizations such as the Romans, Greeks and the Babylonians.
Through a look at relevant studies on treatment, methods to decrease recidivism and violent activities within prison are suggested. However, the subject is a complicated problem that has yet to have a satisfactory solution. Prison gangs and misconduct within prisons by those gangs occurs through a power dynamic that often leaves prison officials helpless.
The psychology of gang membership should be understood in order to be aware of potential violent conflicts that can erupt in the prison environment due to gang warfare. In prisons, the gang members organize primarily around racial and ethnic identities, while others argue that the violence inherent in prison institutions themselves cause prisoners to organize along gang lines for self protection.
The population of the country is 113,724,226 according to a census in the year 2011. Sixty percent of the population in the country comprises of Spanish people followed by Indians form 30 percent of the total population. The demand for independence was put forward in the year 1810 and the country was officially independent by the year 1824.
It is true that there are some gangs that are based in the United States and do not have any immigrant roots. A good example of this is the Aryan Brotherhood gang which is made up of white males and who originated in the San Quentin State Prison, California Department of Corrections. Their ideology is white supremacy and detest immigrant groups.
However, gangs have continued to recruit new members across the country, a factor which has been enhanced by factors such as unemployment, insecurity among others. Some of the gangs operating in Birmingham include and not limited to the Surenos, which is an umbrella
The criminal justice system classifies mafia activities as part of organized crime. These crimes are committed by organizations that enjoy continuity over time across multiple crimes (Artemis 2004). These organizations use violence and corruption to facilitate their activities and perpetual existence.
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