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In recent years, concerns have been raised – both from the media and the US authorities themselves – with regards to the violent crimes committed by transnational gangs that have escalated dramatically in recent years. The 2009 National Gang Threat Assessment released by the National Gang Intelligence Center (NGIC) and the National Drug Intelligence Center reported that the gang threat is no longer confined to the streets and in fact has already been magnified as gangs migrate from urban areas to suburban and local communities, expanding their coverage to become regional and national in scope.
Two of the primary gangs that cause significant concern are the Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) and the 18th Street Gang (M-18). The US Government Accountability Office, in a report to the US Congress, has identified these gangs as serious threats to the public safety not just in the country but also in Central American countries because of their violent nature, the scope of their criminal activities and their rapid expansion (GAO 2010, 1-2). Unarguably, gangs pose significant threats to stability, security, and even in investment and the economic climate of a country. These threats have already consistently assailed Latin American countries for years and that they - spilling over to the US - is no longer a remote possibility. What is worse is that the transnational gang issue entails several other problems, including – but not limited to – illegal immigration, drug trafficking, and, as previously mentioned, crime and violence. Numerous American national law enforcement agencies quantify the threat to the nation in different ways. But, one thing they all agree on is that gangs are emerging as a national security threat. These violent drug gangs primarily from Central America can impact public security, increased drug violence and crime in the American experience.
Although, it is difficult to
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The suppression program is a mixture of prosecution that involves trial, police hands-on work and imprisonment that is primarily used to restrain the formation of gangs, crack their criminal activities and eliminate gang members from the core group (Youth Gang Programs and Strategies, 2000).
Consistent with that delineation, most investigations have concentrated on time span of gang engagement and have not delved into time span before and after gang association. Bаckground Throughout history we as pеoplе of Unitеd Stаtеs hаvе sееn mаny sociаl problеms аrisе from Grеаt Dеprеssion of 1930's in civil rights movеmеnt in 1960.
The author states that a gang should be understood as a spontaneously forming group that is not attached to any specific part of society. A more recent definition of gangs views the latter as groups that consist of individuals who recurrently associate and are subject to identifiable organization in leadership and internal matters.
Homicides and other violent crimes like intra-familiar violence, robbery, extortion and kidnappings are some of the crimes associated with the gang violence (USAID/LAC/CAM 1). Question two: effect of poverty affected El-Salvador There is high income inequality in El Salvador.
Allegations against these profit seeking corporations include destructive competition and insidious plots to economically and politically manipulate entire economies. Maybe the worst charge is that multinational corporations are methodically
However, gangs have continued to recruit new members across the country, a factor which has been enhanced by factors such as unemployment, insecurity among others. Some of the gangs operating in Birmingham include and not limited to the Surenos, which is an umbrella
Such changes can be ascribed to globalization, for the liberalization of cross-border trade has broadened and diversified transnational crime activities to a great degree. Hence, the new groups tend to engage in multiple criminal activities so as to enhance their
The most serious factor in fighting gang violence is juveniles. Increase in patrols in the community and arrests in the area only solve the short term problems. There is a call for to come up with other ways that provide long-term solutions. In order to stop crime in
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