Title: Presidential Doctrine Introduction The political history of United States has seen radical turning points which changed the pattern of prevailing doctrines and shaped the international relationships with other countries…
Download file to see previous pages...
Thus a cold war erupted between the U.S. and USSR which eventually came to an end with the help of doctrinal regimes implemented by Reagan (Fischer, 1997). Define presidential doctrine and summarize the regional or global events during the Cold War leading up to the formation of the Reagan doctrine. Presidential doctrine defines the policies, procedures, reforms and initiatives taken by a country’s president which are intended to enhance global position of the nation and to achieve greatest good for citizens of own country as well as those across the globe. Before arrival of President Reagan, communism had become common and superpowers like Soviet Union were suppressing the Third World countries in attempt to invade them. The Soviet and the Vietnamese led various Marxist movements which depressed capitalism and eventually forced the entry of Cuban armies and Soviet troops into different territories including Angola, Cambodia and Afghanistan. These countries did not have sufficient powers to hold the forces and hence turned to other countries for help. The U.S. which believed itself to be the savior and leader nation for all decided to intervene and rescue these countries through Reagan doctrine. This doctrine created waves of passion across nations and gave boost to conservatism in America (Carpenter, 2012). Describe the Cold War relationship that existed between USSR and the U.S. before Reagan doctrine was announced. Before Reagan, there were only two prevailing superpowers, the U.S. and the USSR, which considered their coexistence to be catastrophic and hence wanted to triumph over the other. The perceived equality of power of both nations had led everyone to believe that the two countries pose threats to each other. The mutual suspicion rose amongst the two parties and past experiences of World Wars led them to believe that dangers exist. Soviet Union was spreading communism which challenged the survival of capitalism in the U.S. Reagan rejected the idea of control over European nations by the Soviet Union and claimed it to be unfair for USSR to exercise its rights outside its jurisdictional system and boundaries. Thus Cold War broke and Reagan introduced the Reagan Doctrine to stop communism by supporting and providing arms to the rebels and freedom fighters in Third World countries for self-defense (Katz, 1991). Describe the relationship that currently exists between the U.S. and USSR. The relationship between United States and the Soviet Union enhanced eventually after the Reagan doctrine. The leaders of Soviet Union realized soon that they essentially need the support of capitalist countries in order to flourish in the economic and business world. The greatest capitalist power is the U.S. and hence USSR has been keeping stable relationship with it and has signed various pacts to ensure peaceful relationships in field of politics, science and technology (Cox, 1990). The recent patterns of American-Soviet relationships are inclined towards development in the fields of economic trade growth and mutually collaborative effort in scientific expansion. Describe the effect that the Reagan doctrine has had on regional or global affairs since the time when it was announced during the Cold War. When Reagan doctrine was introduced, the Cold War came to an end and relationships between U.S. and USSR were also improved. The Soviet Union retreated from all the territories and the world moved towards democratic and harmonious terms. Moscow no longer targeted
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The relations between the Russia and United States is a very complex field of study because there are so many ups and downs in which varies from being allies at one time and arch rivals at the other. The ideological, political and economic differences in the system of two countries never allowed them to enjoy pleasant relationships at any stage of the history
The foreign policies are based on the perception of each president and are subject to enactment by other president. It is based on the beliefs, objectives and key priorities of the president after taking office. The doctrines target to change or influence how a particular state or region behaves or governed in order to achieve social, economic, and political objective of the entire state, region, continent or the world.
Implementing a doctrine of diplomacy was perhaps the cornerstone of his administration, yet his ability to couple that with the threat of military force was remarkable. As tensions escalated, Kennedy’s Doctrine expressed the intention of the United States to restrict the spread of Communism and, at the same time, to protect and preserve the rights and interests of Americans.
As President of the United States, John F. Kennedy advocated a policy of containment (Barnes, 2005). This policy was not necessarily aimed at containing military threats; rather, it was directed at his ideological belief Communism had to be contained to the region of Central and Eastern Europe.
According to the paper, during President Johnson's time, the US engaged in military involvement with countries to thwart a communist takeover. Before the Nixon took presidential office the US was already at war in Vietnam. In Vietnam War, American troops were directly involved and that gesture of the US became a great morale booster for Vietnamese.
and private business enterprises were introduced to the new Russian economy, many American branded business companies flowed into Russia to set up shop. However, the sudden and sweeping changes in the political, social, and economic systems in Russia caused a terrible downward
The two countries fell apart soon after the Second World War ostensibly because of the economic ideologies that were advance by the two (Aronson 2001). US advocated for capitalism while USSR strongly practiced communism and were hell-bent to propagate it to as many nations as
The end of the Soviet Union led to its disintegration into fifteen different sovereign states. Some of these countries include the current Russia, Lithuania, Chechnya, among others. The end of the Soviet