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Plitical scienceIndependent - Essay Example

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Author Tutor Course Date Party identification as "Independent" often misleads Party identification denotes the long term psychological association with a party. It also refers to partisanship, which is more than legal party affiliation but a reflection of the voter…
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"Plitical scienceIndependent"

NES examines relationships among attributes, attitudes and political activities. The Individuals attitudes and associations with political parties are key elements of the NES since its inception (Welch 190). NES uses a series of questions to measure party identification. The questionnaire asks respondents to identify themselves with the Republicans, Democrats or any other political party, or if the individual considers herself or himself as independent of party affiliation. Respondents that identify themselves as Democrats or Republicans are later asked if they consider their party affiliations as weak or strong. The respondents, who consider themselves independent, provide answers to questions if they associate with one party or the other. The series of questions asked produces a seven category scale. The scale classifies respondents as weak Republicans, strong Republicans, independent voters leaning towards Republicans and Pure independents. It also categorizes voters as weak Democrats, weak democrats or independent voters leaning towards democrats. This measurement scale forms the standard measure of party identification (Sabato and Howard 256). The seven-point scale categorization provides information about an individual’s party attachment in various ways. ...
The reduction in partisanship coincides with the increase in independents, which suggest that individuals move from partisanship to independence rather than defect from one party to another (Sabato and Howard 256). Why is party identification as "Independent" often misleading? The high percentage of voters calling themselves as independent is misleading in certain aspects. Surveys such as those conducted by the University of Michigan’s Center for Political Studies show that apart from party identifiers, who considers themselves as weak or strong, there are some independents that associate with Republicans or Democrats. The independents will either vote for Republicans or Democrats. Therefore, there are no party identifies that are absolutely independent. To a larger extent, approximately 90% of the voters identify with one or other parties (Grant 198). Some voters that consider themselves independent constitute the conflicted centrists. These individuals are closer to the Democrats on social issues but closer to the Republicans in their Skepticism on the ruling government. The independents are not politically stable but instead move from one party to the other. The independent add up to not more than 10% of the voters. Most of the independents at one point feel some attachment to one party and vote for that party candidate. These voters consider themselves independents because the media glorifies independence and many people declare partisanship. Therefore, the increase in independents is just apparent and not a real situation (Welch 194). During the 2013 elections, President Barrack Obama won the election by a majority swing. However, an analysis of exit poll data shows that Obama lost Read More
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