Date According to "Principles for the Ethical Conduct of Lobbying" developed by Georgetown's Woodstock Center: Lobbying "means the deliberate attempt to influence political decisions through various forms of advocacy directed at policymakers on behalf of another person, organization or group." This meaning is broader, however, than the legal definition contained in the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995, the federal legislation that regulates lobbying Congress (Luneburg, William, Thomas, Susman, and Gordon)…
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Lobbying is therefore, the practice of promoting, opposing, or in any manner influencing or attempting to influence the introduction, defeat, or enactment of legislation before any legislative body; opposing or in any manner influencing the executive approval, veto, or amendment of legislation. It is also the practice of promoting, opposing, or in any manner influencing or attempting to influence the enactment, promulgation, modification, or deletion of regulations before any regulatory body (Smith). A lobbyist is therefore a term that includes the following; a person who receives compensation from another person, group or entity to do the lobbying work. A lobbyist is also the person who lobbies as a regular and usual part of employment irrespective of whether there is compensation in addition to regular salaries and benefits is received. a lobbyist is also the a consultant to the state, county, or municipals parts of the government, they are employed to make an influence legislation or regulations irrespective of whether they are paid or not; in full or in part the funds that relates to these forms of government (Luneburg, William, and Susman). Lobbying is quite an important act given the experience they give to the Lobbyist groups. From research it is clear that experienced and successful lobbyists extensively understands the legislative process and therefore they have a strategic plan which enables them to ensure a close follow up that is quiet significant to the client or group that they present. The understanding of the process is quite complex due to the increased competition of the recent past in the field. Lobbying through the Lobbyists helps the congress to follow issues in a timely manner making issues to be handled quite in time due to the avoidance of the delay likely to be created. This is driven by the fact that opportunities and challenges often present themselves with quite a short time to respond to such allegations prompting the need for lobbying and lobbyist groups. Ongoing, active representation in Canadian legal departments is critical to effectively responding to these situations (Luneburg, William, Thomas, Susman, and Gordon). Lobbying is therefore meant to help specialists groups which may be of a special religion, belief or industry to get their voices to be heard by members of any law making body of a nation. In addition, lobby groups of large amounts of money are able to influence the opinions of the crowds in their favor making politicians against them vulnerable (Smith). Currently, Lobbying has become a way for corporations, religions, and other private and special interest groups present their influence over the legislature and essentially circumvent the standard law-making procedure. Lobbying is therefore protected by the model of government in place and since corporations and other special interests are legally considered a singular entity, they are represented in the same context in Congress (Smith). The data from the office of the Commission of Lobbying of Canada shows us the various lobbying groups that exists in
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The Time Magazine in its cover story of 12 July 2010 examines how lobbyists shaped the financial reform bill of 2010. Carried-interest provision According to Center for Responsive Politics, lobbying firms like Capitol Tax Practioners were paid $ 3.4 billion by banks, mortgage lenders, stockbrokers, private-equity funds and derivatives traders in 2009.
1 Government 2301 Final Essay Your name Your professor’s name Government 2301 March 12 2011. The Comparison of Organization of Politics The best approach to determine the level of participation of citizens in a political dispensation is by considering the differences in the organization of politics in the concerned location, bearing in mind that pluralism and hyper pluralism dictate the level of citizens’ participation in aggregate or discriminative model of politics.
Reaganomics mainly focused on inflation issues in the United State, which were initiating other major problems for the citizens of American societies. Policies of Ronald Reagan were intended to contribute for the stimulation of the states economic
It also gives information about the strengths and weaknesses of lobbyists and the process of being a certified lobbyist.
Another good source of information regarding lobbyists is the book written by Jeffrey M. Berry known as "The New Liberalism: The Rising Power of Citizen Groups".
Larry D. Meyers, the President of Meyers and Associates, was interviewed regarding his lobbying firm. As president of the firm, he has experience of lobbying in Washington for more than 35 years. He has worked under different
Knowledge and timing are central to one’s effectiveness as a lobbyist. “Most professional lobbyists do not really sell “influence” but rather “access”. Because they know the system, are familiar with the individuals involved in the process, and are located in Washington or state capitols, they can get their issues heard” (“What is Lobbying?”).
or as lobbying in the US government is concerned, the primary goal of the lobbyists is to engage in close interaction and discussion with the congressmen. The lobbyists try to explain to the congressmen in a detailed and precise manner the technical and logical reasons behind
The author states that existing laws and regulations pave way for the smooth implementation of the advocacy steps towards policy change. They provide the necessary guidance such as on gathering information about the politics and the policy as well as assists in assessing the risks that might be involved.