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Politics of Northeast Asian Countries : Modern China era since 1800 - Essay Example

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The Chinese people have proved to be the true successors of the great Confucius civilization. There was a time when China was in deep slumber and languor. Chinese started to reform themselves in each and every aspect of life and the world saw political reforms, economic reforms…
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Politics of Northeast Asian Countries : Modern China era since 1800
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Download file to see previous pages As a result, there was a plummet in the per capita income and GDP rose up to 10% per year. After the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress in December 1978, the communist party of China and other pioneers decided to halt the political tussle and immediately stop all the political provocation between the parties. Orders were issued to stop criticism on political leaders like Lin Biao and to merely focus on economic reforms.
Township and village enterprises (TVE) were the first step by local industrial partners to give authority and autonomy to the locals. This gave a manufacturing boost and results were evident in early 90’s. Emphasis was given on the local property and small industries to initiate the sense of responsibility among the masses. At the beginning the concept of private ownership was propagated but by the time the economic reforms took the opportunity to meet the needs of international markets, a combination of public ownership and private ownership was introduced.
The reforms in contract and lease policies also bring ease to the local farmers. The long term contracts on peace of land gave the farmer the right to enjoy the “business less ownership”, in which he can cultivate, use the farm in any way but certainly not sell , lease, outsource the land in turn. Privatization policies were obliged and the result is depicted in late 90’s because most of the China’s GDP is contributed by privatized industries. The adaptation of openness in the economic market after the reforms showed its fruits in mid 2000 as the 30 percent of the GDP were just because of exports.
The internationalization policy announced in the economic reforms made a great impact on the economy positively because 5-6 % of the economic growth was given by companies’ registered outside China mainland. (Lindbeck) The political reforms took place after the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress in December 1978, because many crucial decisions were made. The monopoly of communism was challenged and the new slogan advocated a modern, socialist and economically strong China. Dictatorship of communist party was demolished and there was denial of any instruction by any member of communist party unless it is supported by the masses. CPC realized the need of reconciliation policies and as Mr. Deng once said “Socialism cannot survive unless we introduce pure democracy in the political system of China. The results of these reforms are that many parties can jointly select a nominee for the leadership. Similarly, democratic parties besides socialists and communists can take part in the political race. This gives an open environment for the growth and political maturity of the masses. (Ji) As far as Xi Jinping being a successful reformer, the odds are giving glimpse of optimism. His down to earth approach at the start depicted his approach towards bringing change and uniqueness. His first visit to Lotus Hill Park in considered as a good sign by the local masses because there was no guard or protocol and first visit of Chinese leaders used be at base of Xibaipo. Being upfront since youth, He is being considered as the most powerful radical reformist of the future. His military command as well as the vice presidency give him impetus to work in almost any kind of odds. The new report of transparency international depicts that there has been a great fall in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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