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This article will assess the gains and losses that this war has made with an aim of determining the relevance of this war. Case for the War on Drugs Despite many apparent setbacks, the war on drugs has made tremendous gains in its efforts geared towards making the world a safer place. There have been concerted efforts aimed at ending the rampant trade in drugs. These efforts have been made by all stake holders in the United States over the past 40 years since then serving President Richard Nixon launched the U.S Government’s war on drugs.1 Several progressive steps have been made targeted at countering the flourishing use and sale of drugs in the U.S. One such stride has been the advocacy for a paradigm shift in the war against drugs. As was expressed by President Obama in a digital town hall meeting, in 2011, there is a need to move from the old approach of the war on drugs to a new one. One way of accomplishing this has been looking at possible ways of shrinking the demand for drugs among the users.2 This represents a shift from looking at this war as a primarily, criminal justice problem3. When looking at the war on drugs as a criminal justice problem, the emphasis of tackling it involves arrest, incarceration and interdiction4. While this has had good results, it has had the unfortunate disadvantage of unintentionally giving some of the offenders an opportunity to slip through the cracks. Currently there is a move towards looking at the war on drugs as a public health problem.5 This means that the government has acted as a guardian of the public’s interests6. This thus means that the government has managed to win the hearts of the people who advocate for social justice in the country. Another gain in the war on drugs was the Reagan’s administration’s efforts to take away the drugs from the consumers through efforts made to cut down the crop abroad. This effort can be seen in countries like Bolivia. In this country, the efforts to reduce the drug production saw the seizure of twenty seven tones of cocaine in 1986. This was an improvement from just one tone netted in 1981.7 On the whole, the war on drugs has gained a number of notable wins over the trade and production of drugs. There has been a decline in the production, trafficking, distribution and consumption of drugs all over the world. This has been driven largely by an increasingly tight global prohibition on drugs. This is a sign that nations have seen the need to unite together in order to fight this menace.8 There are other gains in the pursuit of the war on drugs. One of these gains has been among the youth. Institution of education and awareness campaigns has been initiated for the benefit of these youth. These awareness campaigns are meant to ensure that the youth are well aware of the risks of drugs, as well as driving them towards alternative methods of recreation thus keeping them out of harm’s way.9 At learning institutions and even in society, the youth are kept away from drugs through the imposition of very stiff penalties if found to be in possession of drugs. This is aimed at ensuring that the youth keep away from drugs. Any involvement on their pair, in the using of even the smallest quantities of drugs, can easily push them into the use of drugs. In the prisons, there are treatment centres for the prisoners who are recovering from both drug use and abuse10. As seen above, there have been efforts to deal with the drug trade’
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Critics claim for the most part that expenditure on the War on Drugs is disproportionate to its results. For example, Boyum and Reuter report that the US spends upward of US$35 billion each year and there are approximately 500,000 drug dealers and drug users incarcerated on drug related offences. Even so, the US continues to have the greatest drug problems among comparable Western countries.1 On the other side of the argument, the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) argues that despite the widespread criticisms about the ineffectiveness of the War on Drugs, 95 per cent of Americans do not use drugs.2 The DEA was established by an Executive Order under President Richard Nixon’s administration in July 1973.
It analyzes how many professionals believe that incarcerating drug offenders actually reduces crime, but what they do not know is the fact that according to the time series analysis of four crime rates in the United States, this view is not supported.
Efficiently confronting the drug problem involves both preventing the issue from arising through drug eradication and military involvement, as well as by providing remedial solution to the problem through different methods of treatment. A study on drug trade shows the role played by colonization in the growth of international opium and cocaine trades and the essay analyzes this. Furthermore, an analysis of the ways in which conflict and wars play an important role in establishing a drug market have also been discussed.
The world seems to have been engulfed by the problem of insecurity arising from the action of extremists and radical groups in the name of fighting fro their rights.
The September 11 attack in the US that brought the Twin Tower to the ground is perhaps one event that changed the security state of the world.
The single most important service that intelligence can provide in the wars on drugs is a definitive picture of the drug trafficking threat. Threat definition is a traditional more often than not primary mission for national and military intelligence agencies. War on drugs has a great impact on criminal justice system and law enforcement agencies. Critics admit that "war on drugs" have both positive and genitive impact on criminal justice created certain stereotypes and putting pressure on the law enforcement agencies.
It has become a criminal justice problem rather than one of public health. The authors focus on the Latin community in the U.S. generally and Puerto Rico and New York City in particular. They offer statistics showing that by year 2000, Latinos will be the second largest ethnic group in the nation after African Americans, and their poverty rate is three times that of non-Latino whites.
and foreign policy strategies.1 Counterterrorism and anti-drug policies may even overlap, in the sense that it is commonly believed that the proceeds of illicit drugs trades are used to fund terrorist activities in many parts of the world.2 Afghanistan and Colombia are the
Drugs are shown to affect people of all ages, particularly young people in their productive years leading to grave health problems. So, as drugs affect citizens’ physical health, moral behavior, and so on and thereby lead to a number of social problems, the government have been coming up with measures to control this drug menace.
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