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What made Native American peoples vulnerable to conquest by European adventurers - Essay Example

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What made Native American peoples vulnerable to conquest by European adventurers

The Europeans also had superior military technology that included metal armors, cavalry and heavy weapons capable of inflicting incurable wounds. The Aztecs knew the technology of purifying gold but was not aware of the process of making tools and weapons. The superstitious nature of the Aztecs which made them believe that a falling comet forebodes danger was another cause of their annihilation. The Aztec population also had another weakness in the form of internal conflicts. Their emperor Moctezuma could have easily defeated the 600 Spanish soldiers if he would have had a united empire, but in reality many Indians abhorred the Aztecs and this went to the advantage of Herna?n Corte?z, the Spanish who led the conquest. All these favorable factors helped the Europeans to overpower the Aztecs and capture the region. The Aztec civilization was almost destroyed by this conquest (Henretta et al, 23-24). It is now established that the Spanish were able to manage such triumphant colonization in America because of many deadly combination of forces. The 600 Spanish soldiers had an arsenal of unweidly arquebuses in addition to steel-edged swords, pikes and crossbows. They made maximum use of their weapon to create terror among the natives. They also took advantage of the pre-existing internal conflicts by employing divide and rule policy in severe ways to make alliance with the native groups with their excellent negotiation strategies. These native groups hated the Aztecs and this implies that the

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Spanish practically needed only to impose themselves on an already chaotic society. Many of the Spanish conquerors even married into the native royal families to inherit their wealth and...
The paper outlines the major reasons for the remarkable success of the Spanish conquerors. The lack of socioeconomic conditions to support a prolonged war, the lack of weapons and also the lack of immunity to diseases contributed largely for the annihilation of almost an entire native population. The immense success of the Spanish conquerors encouraged the subsequent Europeans to begin colonization in America. It is now established that the Spanish were able to manage such triumphant colonization in America because of many deadly combinations of forces. The 600 Spanish soldiers had an arsenal of unwieldy arquebuses in addition to steel-edged swords, pikes, and crossbows. They made maximum use of their weapon to create terror among the natives. They also took advantage of the pre-existing internal conflicts by employing divide and rule policy in severe ways to make the alliance with the native groups with their excellent negotiation strategies. These native groups hated the Aztecs and this implies that the Spanish practically needed only to impose themselves on an already chaotic society. Many of the Spanish conquerors even married into the native royal families to inherit their wealth and power. One such important example is the daughter of the Aztec emperor Moctezuma’s daughter who married a Spanish soldier. Thus several Indian-Spanish lineages developed who were bestowed royal ranks by the Spanish crown, and many of them even migrated to Spain to enjoy higher ranks in the society.

Summary

This paper tries to find the answer to the question that how so few Spanish managed to conquer so many American people. By the middle of the sixteenth century, Spain dominated both North and South America and the people whose area and population far exceeded than that of Spain…
Author : helensanford
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