Political science assignment 4 - Essay Example

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Globalization and the Gap between the Rich and the Poor Student ID: Question Number: 1 Globalization and the Gap between the Rich and the Poor Global inequality in wealth is a considerable factor in the modern world. Approximately 1.3 billion people, a third of the population of the world, have less than a dollar in income each day…
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Political science assignment 4
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"Political science assignment 4"

However, prevalence of globalization present in the modern world has the potential to significantly alter this pattern. Countries throughout the world are not equal in their level of wealth of the prosperity of their citizens and the income of the country has a strong impact on the wealth of its citizens. Some countries, such as the United States, are considered to be wealth, and have high livings standards, while other countries, such as Africa, have a much lower level of wealth and are in economic decline. As such, there is a large level of global inequality between the rich and the poor states (Sachs, 2001). Nevertheless, inequality also exists between the rich and the poor within a given country (Dollar & Kraay, 2002). As such, inequality is both a global and a domestic problem. Global inequality predominantly occurs as the result of the differences in economic success between countries. There are many factors influencing the economic growth of a country, and these can influence both the level of economic success and also the likelihood of it. In particular, there are four forms of economic failure that can occur which increase the inequality between rich and poor states. ...
These factors are critically important for describing why some countries, like Africa, remain poor, while others experience significant economic growth. It can be argued that as globalization increases, the distribution of income becomes more equal throughout the world, leading to a decrease in the number of people who live in extreme levels of poverty, and a narrowing of the gap between the rich and the poor. Research suggests that in many cases this is the case, with evidence developed from the current ‘wave’ of globalization suggesting that globalization serves to increase progress, create stronger economies and reduce the inequality between nations (Wade, 2004). However, there is also growing concerns that the impacts of globalization are not as overwhelmingly positive as they appear (Ravallion, 2009). Globalization has had complex impacts on global inequality, with some indications suggesting that the gap between the rich and the poor has got wider, while others suggest that this difference is actually decreasing. There has been a long-term trend towards greater inequality, both within nations and also between them. However, there is evidence that, in recent years, the trends have been stabilizing, and may even be reversing. This is driven by the substantial growth that has occurred within India and China, both of which are large countries, and were initially poor (Dollar & Kraay, 2002). Consequently, through this form of measurement, globalization has served to decrease global inequality between different states. However, despite the evidence for a positive impact of globalization, global inequality is not only a function of the differences in the rich and the poor between countries, the Read More
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