Name Professor Module Date Racial Differences in America Since the seventeenth century, America has grappled with the problem of racial inequality. In his book, “Racial Equality in America”, John Hope Franklin was especially concerned with issues of treatment and opportunity…
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This paper suggests some courses of action to achieve racial equality in the future of United States of America. My view on the course of action to take is as a result of the historical lessons as espoused by Franklin. History of Racial Inequality in America. Since the first settlers landed on the New World, issues of equality and justice among races have been and continue to be debated strongly, often violently. Right from the beginning when the white settlers encountered the Native Americans, to the latter European settlers and to the African slaves bonded to serve their white masters, inequality existed. Negroes languished lowest on the equality ladder, even those that had never been enslaved. This was due to both the laws of the land and customs of the enslavers. All these despite the fact that Negro labor is what brought development in most parts of America. It was their hard labor that made it possible to farm, mine, explore the interior of the continent and build infrastructure. It was difficult to end slavery since the trade in humans brought profits to the shippers and merchants and most other traders. Meanwhile, the white colonialists also felt that paying taxes to the British Monarchy was enslaving them. By mid 18th century, they were clamoring for emancipation from British rule that forced them to remit taxes. They, white settlers, were also against British policy of condemning and outlawing slavery and the slave trade as a whole. Among them were those who felt it was hypocritical to want freedom from British bondage while they owned slaves. Slaves too began voicing their need for freedom from the settlers who wanted the same from their colonial masters. Thomas Jefferson, a co-author of the declaration of independence and a slave-owner himself, attempted to appeal to the British crown to abolish slavery and slave trade and declare universal equality. Sadly, he also was of the opinion that the black man was physiologically and intellectually inferior to the white man. The white patriots later expunged these sections from the draft declaration (Franklin 14). The abolition of slavery in the Northwest Territory in 1787 marked a significant step in securing the Negroes’ inalienable rights as human beings. Still, there were calls to deport slaves as soon as they were emancipated, for most settlers still found it hard to regard them as equals. They thought that the manumitted Negroes would cause chaos and it would be safer to return them to Africa than live with them. This proved an insurmountable task due to the sheer numbers of slaves. Free blacks lacked suffrage, and even though they were no longer bound by slavery, they lived as pariahs in society. They also had to pay higher taxes than whites, prohibited from testifying against whites in court, serving in the military or even owning real estate. Such injustices sowed the seeds of revolution and demands for equality and human rights. Inequality Today. In the eighteenth century, the black slave was a property just like a table in the living room. Property could not be given away freely for that meant economic loss. The white settlers were against slave emancipation mainly due to economic reasons. Apart from losing property, freeing a slave meant the loss of cheap manual labor. The white settlers would have to pay for laborers to till their farms, build their bridges and carry loads. A free former slave also meant competition for
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Integrative essay 1. What are the similarities and differences between a racial group and an ethnic group? The goal of this essay is to highlight the differences between and similarities between racial group and ethnic groups. Literally speaking “race” is a human population- a human population that is different from other human breeds based on physical or imagined differences.
Amongst these groups, cultural and political practices emerge, which further affect cohesion and integration of the groups. However, most of the Americans emulate differences amongst themselves reflecting to the historical practices lenient to their groups.
I treat all of them in an equal manner and I believe this must be the way forward. I am of the view that such a positive thinking and a strong racial, ethnic and gender identity provides me strength from within and I have no weaknesses in these aspects at all.
..4 2.3 Racial issues at social status quo and current status………………………………......4 3.0 Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………….5 4.0 Works Cited…………………………………………………………………………………6 Name: Course: Tutor: Date: Introduction Since the discovery of America, world interest has continued to surge and consequently high levels of immigration have been witnessed for a long time.
The dominant races do not consider that bias towards other racial groups reduce the scope of equality in the society. The reason behind racism is the negative attitude and bias towards other races. This research work will try to extract the reason behind the discrimination based on racism in the mainstream society of America.
Ethnicity and Racism in International context 12 5. Conclusion 12 References 13 Appendix Appendix 1: Reproduction of the question on Hispanic Origin and Race from the 2010 17 census Appendix 2: Population by Ethnic and Race for the United States: 2010 18 Appendix 3: Racial and Ethnic Composition of the Younger (Ages 0–64) and Older (Ages 65–plus) Populations: United States, 2008 19 Appendix 4: Conflicts between Social Groups 19 Appendix 5: Number of Executions and Race of Prisoners executed during 1976-2009 20 Appendix 6: Violence curves by Race/Ethnicity 20 1.
Such changes as new perception of the world and self, new interpretation of freedom and humans rights, new science and industrial innovations could not change negative attitude towards bi-racial families and bi-racial children. At the beginning of the new millennium, our society is still faced with the problems of racial inequalities and rejection of bi-racial family relations.
The author of the essay explains that the Government has been against the discrimination from quite some time but individual racist still exists and will be, but America is not a racist country anymore. Otherwise voting for Obama would be impossible from white citizens, who believed in him despite of his color.
Race and the ethnic group labels used in America are mostly not clearly based on the criteria that everyone understands, agrees with, and can easily utilize. So as to comprehend the human diversity in the United States, an understanding of the common criteria used in the distinction and classification of groups is paramount.
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