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The History of Pan-Africanism - Essay Example

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Summary
Pan- Africanism was a movement that united people of Africa from various races into one nation.This concept was based on various grounds such as race,cast,creed,religion, society and politics.The main purpose of this movement was to end slavery among Africans.History indicated that in 19th century Africans were termed as the black people…
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The History of Pan-Africanism

Download file to see previous pages... This was one of the greatest racial discrimination of this era, where blacks were being demoralized and oppressed on various grounds. The movement of Pan-African unity was very essential for African Americans. It helped them to identify politics, because African origin was not recognizing its people’s identity (Mayihlome, 2011). This era reduced differences between various people of Africa and supported indiscriminate "African" heritage. As a philosophy, Pan-Africanism represented an ethical system which traced origins from ancient times and promoted values of African civilization. It struggles against slavery, racial discrimination, neo-colonialism and colonialism. European slave trade was another concept used in Pan-Africanism. In past era Africans were forced for slavery from various origins and their descendants were breathing in an environment, where they were being exploited because at that time African origin became a sign of servile status. There were many differences such as political, cultural etc, but this concept of slavery was affecting people negatively. 1.2 Past scenario Africans were being treated as slaves in America, South America, and Caribbean. At this time migration of Africa (born out of the Berlin Conference of 1884 & 85) had begun. At first there was a movement of anti-slavery and anti-colonial amongst black people of Africa and the Diaspora, in the late nineteenth century. Pan-Africanism developed in these decades. Pan-Africanism had provided shelter and created unity, independence, political and economic assistance and created chronological and cultural awareness among people (Young, 2010). The ideology of pan-Africanism was based on self-respect and so-called Africa for the Africans. Its alternative focus was on ethnic gathering. It changed colonial procedures without any political power. It highlighted all the troubles that African peope faced in this era and aided in the foundation of nationalism (Hakim, 2007). The entire past scenario of this movement and its value is described in the following points: ROOTS Pan-Africanism comprises of rich history, which dates back to eighteenth century. It originated from the New World rather than from Africa itself. People were bound by slavery in America and the Caribbean People of Africa were looking for their ancestral homeland, with missing sense of dignity and freedom. Pan-Africanism also represented those people who were born in captivity. Prince Hall, a black cleric within Boston, campaigned with the assistance of 1787 people in order to replace the disputes of black in Africa. Another black Bostonian, Quaker shipbuilder Paul Cuffe, took matters into his own hands and with 1815 people founded a village within Sierra Leone, which British considered as a refuge for freed and led to runaway of slaves, around 1787 people.  This movement was later termed as negritude, which stood to represent blackness (Forster, 1994). Past glory The effect of repatriation was arguable in America in nineteenth century and many people participated in it such as Frederick Douglass, contested that black Americans should be given their rights. The efforts of American Colonization Society (largely white liberals) resulted with another slave refuge: Liberia. Former slaves were replaced towards Africa from Caribbean and Brazil. Later, in 1930's, the ideology of negritude ("blackness"), increased among French-speaking African scholars in France. Those Africans who kept protecting negritude contended that characteristics of the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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