The Arts: Renaissance and Reformation, Enlightenment and Revolution - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
The researcher of this essay aims to pay special attention to the Renaissance and Reformation Period (1300-1650), the Enlightenment and Revolution Period (1550-1800) and the Industrial Period as very important periods in the socio-economic history of mankind…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.4% of users find it useful
The Arts: Renaissance and Reformation, Enlightenment and Revolution
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Arts: Renaissance and Reformation, Enlightenment and Revolution"

The Arts -Renaissance and Reformation, 1300–1650, Enlightenment and Revolution 1550-1800, The Industrial Revolution 1700-1900
Renaissance, in essence, means rebirth. The Renaissance and Reformation Period (1300-1650) is significant in the history of humankind in more ways than one. The Renaissance and Reformation period marked the beginning of a New Age in Europe which was characterized by interest among scholars to find out more about their world (Patrick 26). Though it began in Italy, Renaissance soon spread to many other parts of Europe. The Renaissance period influenced scholars to study the works of ancient philosophers. There were new developments in areas such as art, architecture and sculpture work. The reformation of the church occurred during the Renaissance period (Estep 63).
The cause of the Reformation was the excessive power that the church wielded on the people. The Renaissance allowed people to air their views and vent their frustrations on what they considered to be the wrongs of the church. They were concerned with the high level of extravagance that church bishops and priests lived on. The discontent caused a religious upheaval which saw the church split into two (87). The Reformation was also characterized by the middle class wanting more power and control. Previously, the people, regardless of their place on the social ladder, had been under the unquestionable rule of kings and the church. However, according to Patrick, the Renaissance brought with it new beliefs about humanity and people were restless for change (105).
The Enlightenment and Revolution Period (1550-1800) was a period of knowledge and intellectual movement. This period was characterized by the systematic categorization, organization, exploration and a need to understand everything (Jacob 34). For the first time since the church was established, science took centre stage in the way people thought about the world they lived in. The primary focus of the Enlightenment period was the use of reason to develop systems of ethics, religion and government. The Enlightenment was a way of helping people think and thereby obtain an objective truth about the universe. Those who championed the ideals of Enlightenment argued that it would free human beings from the bondage of religious authoritarianism and traditional superstition under which people had lived for a very long time. It was during this period that knowledge was readily available to everyone. The cause of the Enlightenment was to educate the human race about what was real about life (Morris 79).
The revolution was as a result of the Renaissance and the Enlightenment. As people became more educated and enlightened, the more they wanted to be free from the tyranny of the church and different monarchs. There was a revolution in science, political and philosophical thought. The innovations of scientists and great thinkers such as Galileo Galilei, Isaac Newton made people question those things that they had always known to be true (Jacob 79). For instance, everyone thought that the earth was flat and that it was the center of the universe until Galileo proved the theory wrong using his telescope. Newton’s scientific knowledge helped people understand gravitational pull. The Enlightenment and Revolution period marked a period when superstition and religious authoritarianism was replaced by informed scientific thinking (111).
The Industrial Revolution of 1700-1900 was a period that marked a new beginning for modern civilizations. This is a period that marked significant changes in the economic lives of people. The main areas that were impacted by the industrial revolution were in agriculture, transportation, mining, manufacturing and technology (Beard 14). This revolution started in the United Kingdom and later spread to other nations in Europe, North Americana and to the entire world. This is one revolution that changed many different aspects of people’s daily lives. The advances made in agriculture and manufacturing sectors saw the quality of life of people improve. New technologies were employed in every aspect of life, from agriculture and mining to textiles and manufacturing. New sources of energy were invented, and this only improved the production of goods. During this period, there was a lot of improvement on infrastructure, particularly in the area of transportation. The Industrial Revolution also saw certain shifts in the social structure, in which women began to be involved in economic activities (Goloboy 48). The revolution also saw the emergence of a strong middle class. It was also during this period that capitalism began to flourish (Ross 108).
The Renaissance and Reformation Period (1300-1650), the Enlightenment and Revolution Period (1550-1800) and the Industrial Period are three very important periods in the socio-economic history of mankind. These are the periods that ushered humanity from the dark ages to the modern era. Before the Renaissance and the Reformation, people had very little knowledge about their world, and they also had very little power over their lives. The Enlightenment and Revolution Period, on the other hand, introduced people to new and better ways of thinking. The Industrial period can be credited with making the overall life of the common man easier and better.

Works Cited
Beard, Charles Austin. The Industrial Revolution. London: Routledge, 2006. Print.
Estep, William Roscoe. Renaissance and Reformation. Grand Rapids, Mich: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1986. Print.
Goloboy, Jennifer L. Industrial Revolution: People and Perspectives. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, Inc., 2008. Print.
Jacob, Margaret. The Enlightenment: A Brief History with Documents. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin, 2001. Print.
Morris, Neil. Enlightenment and Revolution. New York: Zak Books, 2010. Print.
Patrick, James. Renaissance and Reformation. New York: Marshall Cavendish Corporation, 2007. Print.
Ross, Stewart. The Industrial Revolution. London: Evans Brothers Limited, 2008. Print. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Arts: Renaissance and Reformation, Enlightenment and Revolution Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(The Arts: Renaissance and Reformation, Enlightenment and Revolution Essay)
“The Arts: Renaissance and Reformation, Enlightenment and Revolution Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 1 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
qcruickshank added comment 1 year ago
Student rated this paper as
Good paper! Used it for my art history class 

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Arts: Renaissance and Reformation, Enlightenment and Revolution

Renaissance and Reformation. King Henry VIII

...?KING HENRY VIII Josie Clark Renaissance and Reformation November 11th KING HENRY VIII Of all of England’s kings, none has been judged by history to be as tyrannical and self-absorbed as has Henry the Eighth. From his mistreatment of his six wives to his destructive policies and mannerisms, he is portrayed as the ultimate dictator of an age that was rife with despots that sincerely believed in their god- given rights to rule as they saw fit even at the detriment of their compatriots. One may argue that the age that Henry lived in allowed for the offences that he was often accused of and that in Kings they were positively encouraged but that does not abscond him of the reality of consequences of the terror...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper

Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment

...The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment Introduction The Enlightenment was the creation of an immense set ofintellectual and cultural changes in Europe and western nations during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Changes that in turn created the social principles that permitted the Enlightenment to brush through Europe in the late aforementioned centuries. One of the most significant of these transformations was the Scientific Revolution. It is not easy to pinpoint the exact period when this revolution started. During the revolution, European philosophers tore down the faulty set of scientific viewpoints...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Medieval, Renaissance, and Enlightenment Thought

... today and it has all been possible due to cultural expansion and evolution of the human search for meaning along with confidence in various aspects of science, politics and religion going hand in hand with the same. Works Cited "The Voice of God and the Face of the Other: Levinas, Kierkegaard, and Abraham." University of Virginia Library. Web. 13 June 2011. . "Michelangelo | Renaissance Artist." Lucidcafe Interactive Cafe and Information Resource. Web. 13 June 2011. . Triki, Rachida. "Revolution and Cultural Mutation | Ibraaz." What Do We Need to Know about the MENA Region Today? | Ibraaz. Web. 13 June 2011. .... 13 June Assignment Philosophical thought has called for a vast amount of growth and development in the thinking patterns of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

18th Century of Enlightenment & Revolution

...18th Century of Enlightenment & Revolution Introduction The eighteenth (18th) century was marked by major enlightenment events like the death of Louis XIV of France and the beginning of the French revolution. Philosophers of Enlightenment like Montesquieu advocated for the separation of the powers of the government while Rousseau was of the view that man is born free and citizens should be free to choose their government. According to Hobbes’ view, the governments should have limited powers and should protect the natural rights of the citizens. According to his social contract, citizens should reject monarchies and should overthrow the governments that...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Enlightenment and the French Revolution

...?ENLIGHTENMENT AND THE FRENCH REVOLUTION Introduction Enlightenment constituted a vital development in advancing the French revolution. This period marked remarkable philosophical thought and intellectual development. Beliefs and ideas previously held were replaced and overthrown during the period of enlightenment. Two prominent French thinkers: Jacques Rousseau and Charles Montesquieu had their influence from two main intellectual currents during the period; science and 17th century philosophy. The enlightenment did not contribute to the revolution directly. However, the French revolution embodies some enlightenment themes and ideas. Enlightenment promoted the ideas of natural law and progress in societal aspects as evident... from the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Renaissance and Reformation

...Renaissance and Reformation The reformation period generally referred to as the protestant reformation, a period where there was a split in the Christians of the 16th century, completely shifting the course of Christianity in Europe. By the start of the 16th century, the Holy Roman Empire, though it formally commanded control of northern Italy, it had little power outside of Germany. Prior to this period, the pope was generally recognized as the spiritual leader by all Christians in the west, who adhered to the doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church. However, following the reformation, there was a proliferation of churches opposed to the pope, and this...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Renaissance, Enlightenment, and Romanticism

...?Renaissance, enlightenment, and romanticism Renaissance, enlightenment, and romanticism are some of the movements in history. Having occurred at different times, the movements communicate different characteristics of life themes that transcended through the movements and this paper explores the theme of lover as different artists communicates from the different movements’ perspectives. The renaissance period, based on Shakespeare’s Sonnets, identifies aspects of love that though face challenges, the narrator is determined to achieve. The youth identifies love that should be immortal through eternal life and life that never leaves the youthful stage into...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Martial Arts In Renaissance Europe

...has mentioned that during high and late middle ages, common martial arts included jousting, fencing system. It was unfolded that during the period of late Middle Ages, different books on martial arts and fighting i.e. Fechubucher were compiled, regarded as "instructional treatises" (Mangan, 2001). The history of affiliation between the Europe and martial arts is significant and bonded. The literal meaning of Martial means the arts of Mars, which Mars is the reference to the Roman god of battle. It is therefore justifiable to link the history of martial arts with Ancient Greece. The literature of martial arts has been gathered and...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

The Renaissance, Enlightenment, and Romanticism Period

.... This is reiterated by the fact that in this era religion was taken as an art as done with any other area and many of the religious subjects resulted in marvelous pieces of arts (Brians ,2004). However, the impact that the Enlightenment era had in pulling art out of organized religious constitutions was taken as a background by the literary workers of the Romanticism period. In other words, it can be stated that Enlightenment era paved way for the broader approach of Romanticism era towards subjects of religious relevance. Works Cited Brians Paul , ‘Romanticism’, Washington State University. 2004. Washington State University. 17 March 2009...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

French revolution and Enlightenment

...Give a critical perspective on the events that led to the French Revolution. How much of the political ideals of the Enlightenment were reflected in the revolution? Do you agree with the contention that all the revolution achieved was the replacement of one ruling elite with another? The French Revolution is considered by many historians to be the first modern revolution in history. It did not only overthrow the existing leaders but, most importantly, it also change the existing structure of society. Moreover, even if the Revolution was initiated by the privileged, power and the control of the Revolution...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Arts: Renaissance and Reformation, Enlightenment and Revolution for FREE!

Contact Us