Modern civilization today seems to be far from the world of ancient history where stone and man were the fundamental building blocks of technology, but when examined closely, that is not actually so. …
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Modern civilization today seems to be far from the world of ancient history where stone and man were the fundamental building blocks of technology, but when examined closely, that is not actually so. Modern civilization can trace its routes quite clearly to ancient history, one civilization after the other, with each influencing the next and all subsequent empires, in terms of both innovation and invention. Perhaps one of the most advanced empires of its time, in terms of technological development and innovation, was the Persian Empire, which occupies the area now held by modern Iran. This was perhaps due to the fact that their own technological innovations and ideas were greatly helped in development due to the natural resources available in the area. The Persian empire can not only be attributed to inventions such as the Qanat, a water irrigation system, windmills, or even the earliest batteries – which were possibly used for purposes such as electroplating – but also to a great number of technological advances, in terms of weapons as well as art and architecture. The Persians had managed to develop their ancient tools of knives and bows and arrows into stronger, more advanced weapons made of hard metal by the rule of Darius. This included both weapons, such as the metallic dagger and swords, as well as armor, such as shields and helmets. Persian architecture included the use of cider instead of stone, allowing them to create tall, high structure, supported by thinner and more delicate, yet stronger, beams than other buildings of the era. The Persians can also be attributed to having invented history’s first pontoon bridge. Many of these inventions served as inspiration for future development and some of them are in fact still used today, but in a technologically more advanced form. As advanced as the Persians might have been in their own time however, there is absolutely no doubt as to incredibly advanced level of innovation and invention held by the Greeks. Inventor and mathematicians such as Heronas, who was the mind behind modern day hydraulic systems as well as many other machines and automation systems, was also attributed to having invented and developed the world’s first steam engine. The steam engine, in its developed modern form, was one of the most milestone inventions for modern western civilization as it provided a complete turn of mechanism from the ancient days of doing everything by hand. It created a clear divide between the age of man and the age of machines, with modern civilization developing rapidly and dramatically after its invention. Indeed many of our inventions today can trace its route back to the steam engine, or can at least accredit it to being the inspiration behind them. The principal behind jet propulsion is indeed the exact principle behind the ancient Greek version of Heronas’s steam engine. Rotary mills, screw presses and the use of gears and screws may also be attributed to the Greek inventors of 5th Century BC. Perhaps the most significant period of Greek impact on modern civilization is the Hellenistic period, or the Age of Alexander, where the modern western of civilization finds its roots in not only technological impacts, but also in terms of philosophy, science, politics and literature. In the Hellenistic period, scientist focused more on the practical aspect of science, dwelling into practical experiments, rather than focusing only on theoretical debate, which was more the focus of classic era scientists such as Plato and Aristotle. Early writings indicated evidence that the Hellenistic scientist Strato had in great detail described the principal and construction of a vacuum, an innovation that would not properly be considered and developed until centuries later in the Renaissance Period. Strato also worked on the principals of acceleration, force, gravity and momentum, all of which are fundamental principals in physics and technology. What made these
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Western part consists of Italy, Hispania, Britannia, Africa and Gaul. The left out countries till 286 BC were Greece, Egypt, Balkans, Asia Minor and Syria. At a later stage, Egypt and Syria were also separated from Roman Empire. People of Rome are also known as classical antiquity.
According to the research Roman politicians were among the first to manipulate the religious beliefs of the population in an effort to win votes. The modern politics of religion have their origins with the orators and politicians of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. The ancient Greek and Roman worlds have been and are seen as the true birthplace of our modern Western Civilization.
In ancient Rome, slavery played a very important role in both the society and the economy because besides manual labor, slaves were tasked to do many other domestic services and some were even employed in very skilled jobs and professions. It should be noted that in ancient Rome, teachers, accountants, physicians, and many other skilled professionals were slaves and Greek slaves tended to dominate this class of slaves because they were very highly educated.
The action of this epic film took place back in the ancient Rome starting from 64 to 68 AD (LeRoy, 2008). This was the period when Claudius emperor was in power and this was the period when there was corruption and destructive emperor Nero ascended into power.
Civilization refers to the way of life of a people that has attained a high level of social organization. The basic unit of society is the family, several families grouped together make a tribe, and several tribes working for a common goal make a people or nation that share a common way of life or culture.
When the term Ancient Greek is used, it usually refers to the period of the Greek History. The same is further subdivided into many ages to differentiate the activities of the Greek people during different periods. The influence and the various achievements of the Greeks gave rise to Renaissance in Western Europe, this goes to show that they over achieved in the cultural aspects and the same became the reason for their political achievements being ignored.
Religion plays a big role in terms of Rome's contribution to the world. Roman Catholicism perhaps is the most and widely embraced religion on earth. During the time of the Roman Empire, one of the most influential and strongest empires that were established, the Pauline Christianity or the Christianity that was propagated and preached by Apostle Paul influenced it.
The Greeks were purely democratic; they had no single leader but were instead ruled by the oligarchy that was elected by the common man. Conversely, the Roman government system was primed on semi-democracy. They had a ruling senate, which comprised of wealthy magnates.
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