The rulers of South Vietnam who sought American help to oust the communists were immersed in corruption and anti-people governance. At the same time, a spirit of social equality motivated the North Vietnamese communist rulers. The factor that escaped the attention of US decision makers was that in a revolutionary insurgency like that was waged against in Vietnam, the appropriate strategy might have been “low-intensity conflict doctrine”. This might have been a feasible strategy for America, which had all the resources to wage a prolonged war. But it has been critiqued that the US leaders had no clear vision in this regard and they were also unable to contain “domestic dissent at a manageable level” because of that. In immediate retrospection, even when the war was raging, American people could see that “its leaders had lied; its soldiers had committed atrocities” and the result was that “its society nearly imploded”. The tight grip that was maintained on the military by the US political leadership during Vietnam War, and which became a hurdle before victory, is still being maintained in the US. This is said to be so because “elites (in America) are unwilling to anything but “cosmetic” reforms”. But the brighter side has been that the “Vietnam War changed America forever”. It helped American society to develop independent thought and abandon the then prevalent notion that America could never be wrong.