The Vietnam War remains one of the hot topics of scholarly analysis. Decades after the end of the Vietnam War, the speculation surrounding the issues and reasons of the U.S.’s failure continues to persist…
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Unfortunately, the Vietnamese side of the conflict is persistently disregarded. Why and how the Vietminh and National Liberation won the Vietnam War remains obscured from the public. Nevertheless, the success of the Vietminh and the NLF during the Vietnam War can hardly be overestimated. The party and the Liberation Front greatly contributed to the success of the political and military operations against the United States. That the Communists won the Vietnam War was both remarkable and unbelievable: active propaganda, local support, sophisticated military strategies and the undisputable leadership capacity of Ho Chi Minh altogether laid the groundwork for advancing the victory of the Communists during the Vietnam War. It should be noted, that the fact of the Communist victory during the Vietnam War remains one of the most remarkable elements of modern history. Needless to say, before and even during the Vietnam conflict, the United States could not even suspect that the Vietnamese communists would have a chance to outperform Americans, in all senses. Andrew Jon Rotter writes that “the most significant fact about the Vietnam conflict is not that the United States lost but that the Communists won” (180). In this sense, the most confusing is the fact that the main factors responsible for the Communists’ victory during the Vietnam War often remain beyond the scope of historical analyses. One possible reason is that, for many years, the United States did not want to shed light on the Vietnam War controversies that could affect its political image. It is also possible that more than one factor was responsible for the Communists’ victory, making the overall historical analysis extremely complicated. It is widely established that not the errors made by the United States in Vietnam but the actions made by Washington’s adversaries in Hanoi were at the heart of the Communists’ military and political achievements in Vietnam (Rotter 180). From the very beginning to the very end of the war, an interplay of factors created conditions needed to support Vietnam in its fight against the U.S. These factors included political propaganda, local support, effective military strategies, and the unprecedented authority and leadership of Ho Chi Minh. Historically, the Vietminh was created by one of the most outstanding Vietnamese leaders, Ho Chi Minh, in 1945 (Spartacus International). Later, in 1960, the National Liberation Front (NLF) was established (Moise). It is interesting, that the NLF was initially established with the goal of leading the guerilla against Vietnam’s Prime Minister Diem (Moise). South Vietnamese professionals, including artists, youth leaders and peasants, organized the NLF (Levy 19). At that time, the growing corruption in the country and the lack of positive political and economic changes raised the wave of public dissatisfaction with the prime minister’s actions and decisions. That was also the time when the NLF could not yet anticipate that it would play a crucial role in the Communists’ victory over the U.S. Political propaganda became one of the most important factors driving the NLF’s popularity and the public opposition to the actions of the U.S. in Vietnam. It is no secret that the NLF propagandists were well trained to work with the local population. Propaganda schools were scattered widely across the Southern regions of Vietnam, which helped to spread the NLF’s ideology against the United States (Friedman). The public messages sent to the local people were full of optimist about the future victory over the
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However, the French too were waging a war against the local people, who wanted to be rid of the colonial yoke. Soon after the world war, the fighting for the colony by the French continued, but by the year 1954, after their defeat at Dien Bien Phu, they were forced to agree to the Geneva accords, whereby Vietnam was divided at the seventeenth parallel, and elections to reunify the country were to be held by 1956.
The rulers of South Vietnam who sought American help to oust the communists were immersed in corruption and anti-people governance. At the same time, a spirit of social equality motivated the North Vietnamese communist rulers.
By the time the last American troops were being withdrawn from Southeast Asia in March 1973, America was suffering from a war on two fronts – one abroad in Southeast Asia and one with itself. An entire generation of anti-war protestors had emerged in response to the years of bloody fighting that had.
The U.S. knew very little about Vietnam outside of its rice production until the French colonized the country. Even after France's colonization of Vietnam, a great deal of America's perspective and the media's perspective of Vietnam was "devoid of expertise and based on racial prejudices and stereotypes that reflected deep-seated convictions about the superiority of Western culture.
Vietnam policy under Eisenhower can be summed up with two headings. First, a reluctance to actively go to war in Vietnam using the full power of the American military attack force, in spite of the fact that Eisenhower acknowledged the Communist threat from China in Southeast Asia.
However, for the first time, the Vietnam War commenced with no noticeable or apparent reason or cause. This paper will try to understand different aspects of Vietnam War in light of readings from the given text. **In specific, South Vietnam
In this brief essay, some of these major implications for major stakeholders will be summarized. The materials for these summaries were taken from reading Lewy (1978) and The Weider History Group. For the individual soldier in the field, the ROE were often either unknown or unacknowledged.
The military actions were held on the territory of Vietnam, where Vietnamese were at home and American soldiers faced many traps. If a person is a stranger in the jungle it is very difficult for him to stay alive for a least a couple of days. A half of
which were the United States of America (USA) as a champion for democracy and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) as the leader of the communist bloc in the world.
Since it was the height of the Cold War, the USA and USSR could not fight each other directly due to
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