China in the 20th century - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
Twentieth century has been the period of great massive changes for China. This has been a period of revolution with changes all round including governments, economy, political and cultural. Twentieth century China is an epitome of great sociopolitical changes …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97% of users find it useful
China in the 20th century
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "China in the 20th century"

Download file to see previous pages Twentieth century has been the period of great massive changes for China. This has been a period of revolution with changes all round including governments, economy, political and cultural. Twentieth century China is an epitome of great sociopolitical changes This has been a period of revolution with changes all round including governments, economy, political, social and cultural. Twentieth century China is an epitome of great sociopolitical changes (Schoppa). This changing face of China has its effects on the economic and political future of China. This paper aims at exploring and critically analyzing the three systematic challenges the current leadership is facing namely the challenge of fragile political institutions and structures, growing strength of societal changes and stability and sustainability of economic, social and political progress. This paper will analyze the effectiveness and efficacy of the reform programs initiated by Chinese government. It aims an in-depth study of the hurdles the economic reforms are challenged with and the weaknesses of the political system along with the predictions of the future. A brief history of China in Twentieth Century China was one of the most advanced and politically powerful country of the world, with its long Chinese history and rich Chinese civilization at the beginning of the twentieth century. Even at that time too it was the most populous and politically unified country with very advanced agriculture. However when Europeans landed on this region China was stuck in its old traditions with no industrialization. The Chinese traditional government began to fail in the early years of the twentieth century and Western Nations were fighting over as much control as possible. The resentment of this foreign influence by the Chinese people was revealed in Boxer rebellion. The Chinese people replaced their imperial system with Chinese republic led by Sun Yat-sen in 1911. The battle with imperial forces and republican forces of Sun continued for some time. With the outbreak of First World War china found itself providing laborers for alleged mines and factories. While the internal battle of power in china continued weakening it even further Japan capitalized on the situation. By the end of 1939 Japan’s full blown aggression against China yielded them control over most of the east coast of China. First half of the twentieth century for china mostly meant power struggle, high inflation and economic strife. In 1949 under the leadership of Mao Zedong peoples’ Republic of China was established. The republic of China meant great proletarian cultural reforms. A five year plan which included cultural reform, social reforms, land reforms and economic planning was developed and implemented. China formed a thirty year alliance with Russia against Japan and its allies. It laid the roots of communism in China. Most of the Western world did not establish diplomatic ties with Communist China until 1971. Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai remained China’s leaders until 1976 who transformed China with many of their reforms. With their death power struggle again continued in China resulting in famous incidents like Tiananmen Square. Deng and Zhao Ziyang brought younger generation into power. They implemented policies for modernization of four major sectors namely agriculture, industry, defense and science and technology. (Phill) Future economy of China is the most talked about topic these days. Is this economic growth sustainable? Different aspects of social, political and economic pressures on China along with its weak political structure are the concern of most of the Western world The Institutional Dynamics of China’s Transformation Institutions provide the basic and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“China in the 20th century Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1413473-20th-century-china
(China in the 20th Century Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/history/1413473-20th-century-china.
“China in the 20th Century Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1413473-20th-century-china.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
ma
marcdibbert added comment 5 hours ago
Student rated this paper as
This document saved me today. I liked the style. It was very useful for my history course.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF China in the 20th century

Compare and Contrast Early 20th century China and Japan as revealed in Kokoro and The True Story of Ah Q

...man going through the education process. This explains the story of Japan being quite ahead of China in terms of literacy levels in the early part of the 20th century. This has been explained further by scholars in others generalized explanations of the same issue. 2(Xun Lu, 1921) An essential general issue is that towards the end of the 19th century both of the nations of Japan and China had decided to fight the levels of illiteracy that had gone too high. The problem was considered complex in these nations in that there were high illiteracy levels under a writing system that was very complex. The literacy rates in China were a bit low...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

State and Society in 20th Century China

... and Society in 20th Century China China is a country which is more in collectivism, whereby every individual will be taking care of each other. China also has high power distance and adopting a long term relationship in businesses (Robbins et al., 2). As China has making attention to the rest of the world due to its rapid growth, foreign investors have to be alert in the Chinese culture to avoid from any conflict and to build a long term relationship (Hudson, 2005). As said by Hudson (2005), in order to succeed in China, a country that has strong economic power, foreign investors has to respect Chinese culture that has been developed in 5000 years ago. This is whereby Chinese culture is no more an odd knowledge around the world... in which...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Maos policy of Politics in Command set the agenda for the Chinese economy for the last half of the 20th century in China. Do you agree with the statement Wh

...Burying Mao This paper will answer the question on whether Mao’s policy of “Politics in Command” set the agenda for the Chinese economy in the last half of the 20th century. Particularly, this paper will present how it became a failure and was, in fact, not a dominant factor at all in period’s economic and political movements. Background After the revolution, when the Chinese communist regime was catapulted to power, observers note how the state endeavored to take control over an increasingly industrialized and modernized society. Several policies were put in place in order make the economic system work alongside the new political framework. In the first half of the twentieth century...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

20th Century Literature

...class. This status-shift, according to Marx, is brought about by historical changes which are basically concentrated on the material structures of a society; the evolution of the mode of production will certainly tip the balance of status quo and ricochet people within the pyramid of hierarchy. Karl Marx’s assumptions were written centuries ago and yet prove to be priceless evaluating tools of the social order. References Marx, Karl. Capital. London: Penguin Classics, 1992. —. Communist Manifesto. London: Penguin Classics, 2002. —. German Ideology. Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books, 2002. Naipaul, V.S. A Night Watchmans Occurrence Book. Random House Inc., 2002. Szporluk, Roman. Communism and Nationalism. New York:...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

State and Society in 20th century China

...and Society in 20th century China Describe the main features of Deng-era political reform. What were some of the most important changes introduced and how successful have these changes been? The political reform of China has been rather slow; the reform started almost immediately after the death of Mao; however, it took about three decades to be completed (Gittings, 2006, 164). The efforts towards the restructuring of China’s existing political system – referring to the political framework of China during the governance of the country by Mao – made clearer after the delegation of the country’s governance to Deng Xiaoping; Deng become the...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

State and Society in 20th Century China

...and Society in 20th Century China Question Deng-era political reforms Deng is considered to be a great reformer. He turned upside down previous traditions of Mao’s government. His great reforms gave his name to political and economic changes in the county from 1978. International affairs and political reform was high on the agenda for this ruler. He used a complex approach to economic reform. A holistic approach to changes made Deng-era a landmark in Chinese history. On the basis of crucial role of leadership and through strategic directions of economic reforms led to totalitarian regime of the country. Political reforms made it possible “to fight corruption, remove superfluous...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

State and Society in 20th Century China

...and Society in 20th Century China Introduction China as a leading reformist in Asia had faced very little problem in the wake of the global economic downturn in 2008 and 2009. Shift from communism to capitalism in the latter half of the twentieth century led to liberal socio-economic policies. The post-Mao economy of China shunned the rigid communist machinery and adopted more lenient views on how to circulate people’s money among all strata of the society. Over the last few decades there has been a paradigmatic shift in the Chinese society in that it has espoused a consumer-oriented approach, both for domestic as well as overseas...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

20th Century Humanities

...20th Century Humanities The world’s best master-pieces in visual and performing arts were created during the 20th century and all that is happening in the contemporary times owe everything to what was invented or created in the 20th century. The world witnessed some great movements in Art with the onset of the twentieth century: Fauvism was a style of painting in bright and joyful colours, in which the feelings of the artists were expressed through colours rather than the details of the subject of the paintings. Likewise, Cubism represented the radical changes in the history of Art in the true sense. Artists like...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Leaders of China in the 20th Century

...Leaders of China in the 20th Century Before the Europeans or Englanders begin to lay their foots in Asian countries, China was the most celebrated and dignified of all nations. It was the most powerful one with the most population, and was politically amalgamated. China was a pioneer of agriculture but like most other Asian countries of that time, it preserved its classical culture and tradition and reverted back to industrialization. Obviously, it was a sphere of influence for most Western countries as each one of them tried to lay their control on it. The people of China were indignant towards the foreign control and also to the failed...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Gender Sexuality and Nationalism in the Early 20th Century in China

...Gender Sexuality and Nationalism in the Early 20th Century in China In the early twentieth century the world was changing with urbanization becoming one of the main changes that the world faced in this period. There were more people that were moving to the urban areas and this was accompanied by changes in the beliefs and also some of the customs of the people that had seen the changes in the 20th century. Similarly China also saw the same changes with the urban life changing their perceptions and ways of lives especially for the people that had gone to the urban life. There were changes in the people’s views and some...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic China in the 20th century for FREE!

Contact Us