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Fought as a result of disintegration of Korea into two countries due to World War II, Korean War was a result of conflict between USA and USSR as after the World War, one part was occupied by US and other was by USSR. The overall scenario leading to the Korean War is also based upon the rising tension between US and USSR. After the end of World War II though peace started to take its roots in Europe and other developed countries however, the US-USSR conflict started to worsen and both the super powers of the world reached to a point of cold war. The competing ideologies of Communism versus capitalism and dominance of US or USSR on the world political stage set the most part of the War between US supported South Korea and USSR and China supported North Korea. It was also during this war that UN was used for the first time by US as a tool to actually engage into armed conflict with any country. Why this conflict became global in nature and size, why major players including UN and US actually involved in this conflict will be discussed in this area. Political Turmoil and role of US and USSR Korea’s geographical location made it one of the most important regions in post-World War-II scenario and it was increasingly viewed as region which would ultimately become the point of contention between the Western powers and Communist bloc. The conditions for war were created due to keen interests of the two of the largest communist states in the world and the overall indecisiveness of US to conduct its foreign policy in the Far East region. Korea has always remained of interest for Russia and China and it was also because of this reason that USSR tried to occupy the country after World War II. Considering the increase in power of USSR, US also attempted to capture part of the country and hence Korea was divided between South and North Korea with US controlling South Korea whereas North Korea was controlled by USSR. The failure to actually hold free and fair elections increased the political tension in the region with North and South Korea forming two different sets of governments. South Korea adapted democracy whereas North Korea became a communist country. The political tension further escalated when small skirmishes started to occur on what was called 38 Parallel, the line controlled by US which was also virtually dividing both the countries from each other. The Korean War erupted in what was called the middle of the cold war between US and USSR and their bid to take control of the world. It was also increasingly seen as the war to determine which ideological framework world would adapt i.e. capitalism versus communism. The direct involvement of USSR in the war and supplying the arms to North Korea also prompted US, under the banner of UN to engage into the conflict with USSR. It is suggested that it was also the first time when US actually used UN as a foreign policy tool. The overall plan was to actually give Korea under the trusteeship of United Nations which would eventually lead it to full independence over the period of time. It was however subsequently realized that the imposition of any political will from other than Koreans may not be easy to implement and region may drift into turmoil as a result of political conflict between the super powers. It is also important to understand the overall diversity of opinions as well as groupings within Korea which could not help materialize the development of a workable plan to actually make the transition. The overall diversity of political opinions was also due to the Japanese Colonial rule which kept the country divided based upon different ideological basis. The suppression of Korean nationalist movement by the Japan also resulted into the lack of
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It is the forgotten war because not much attention is given to it even though it is a major event in world history. This is because it took place between two of the most major events, World War II and the Vietnam War. (Micheal, 2001)
The causes of the war were many.
l considering the current dragging North Korean nuclear problem, the nuclear issue deteriorated to “The First North Korean Nuclear Crisis” in 1994. Due to the continuity of the problem, it may be argued that North Korean nuclear problem had not been resolved up to now.
f not only delivering troops to the crucial points, where it would have been more complicated and troublesome for the artillery to reach on foot but also helps in occupying those places at the right point of time so that the enemy can be caught almost unprepared and by cutting
At the time there were no objections on the matter by the then presidents of countries such as the United States. However, the breaking out of World War II put Korea back on the agenda of the Allies and suddenly there was concern for the country. The United States
In Korean War, there were many technological developed weaponry was employed. There were tanks and anti-tank artillery, there were fully-fledged aircraft that kept the power of attacking and there were naval ships, cruisers,
Some wars have proved serious to an extent of attracting international community to strategize and come up with viable and accommodating resolutions of conflicts. The Korean wars, Timor-Letse, Chechnya and Afghanistan wars constitutes the most recent categories
The acceleration of development in Korea took effect in 1905 when Japan secured Korea as a colony from Russia. Japanese peasants and proprietors came into Korea and invested heavily in rice farming through improvement in technology such as
This invasion marks the first military action of the Cold War.
Bachrach describes the formation of the two Koreas. He states that since the beginning of the 20th Century, Korea had been part of the Japanese Empire but it
The war was triggered by the matching of the 75,000 military troops from North Korea across the 38th parallel boundary that separated North Korea from South Korea (History n.p.). However, this invasion quickly
American troops soon entered the war in support of South Korea in the fight against international communism. Entry of USA into the war influenced the decisions of many countries including China.
Entry of United States of America into the Korea war provoked
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