This is a research paper about the 1905 Revolution that was witnessed in Russia. The research paper will start with a brief overview of the revolution by stating when the revolution began and events that preceded and followed it. …
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The research paper will also discuss why the Russian revolution was unsuccessful. Any changes witnessed due to the revolution will also be discussed in the paper. Introduction The Revolution of 1905 in Russia began on Sunday, January 9. This was after military guards massacred more than one thousand children, women, and men outside the Winter Place of the Tsar. On that Sunday, which came to1 be regarded as the bloody Sunday, 150, 000 workers on strike together with their families marched through St. Petersburg. The reaction to the massacre spread across the industrial centers, which experienced spontaneous strikes of workers (Ascher 2004, p. 68). Moreover, the massacre marked the beginning of armed preparations of workers. Peasants in the countryside extended their views through numerous evictions of landlords. It took more than one year for the Revolution to end and save the reactionary Tsar regime. This was despite the massive support the regime got from reactionaries and capitalists. Prior to the 1905 Revolution, Russia had witnessed a significant strike in 1902 and 1903. However, this was not the key factor that triggered the 1905 uprising. The main factor that triggered the Revolution was the Japanese and Russian War in 1904. During this war, Russian troops felt humiliated since the Japanese troops defeated them. As a result, the workers and the capitalist class perceived that the Tsar regime in Russia could easily be defeated. These high hopes of defeating the military triggered the onset of the Revolution. In addition, the War with Japan burdened the peasants and workers; this increased opposition to the Tsar regime. The Revolution can be regarded as an uprising of the Russian people who wanted change in their government (Ascher 2004, p. 70). Timeline of the Events du2ring the Russian Revolution of 1905 A timeline of the events during the Russian Revolution shows the occurrences witnessed during the Revolution. From January 3-8, 120, 000 striking workers marched through St. Petersburg as the government warned them against the protests. On the bloody Sunday of January 9, 150, 0000 striking workers together with their families marched in St. Petersburg. Their main aim was to deliver a protest to the Tsar, but the Russian army shot them down (Ascher 2004, p. 71). The reaction to this massacre spread to the neighboring regions; industries experienced numerous strikes of workers. On February, the strike spread to the Causasus; Grand-Duke Sergei Alexandrovich was assassinated in the height of the protests. During the same month, Nicholas II ordered the creation of an assembly to report on the reforms of the constitution. The following month, the unrest and the strikes reached the Urals and Siberia. On April 2, the second National Congress of Zemstovs demanded a constitutional assembly; this saw the formation of the Unions of Unions. The government got embarrassed on May due to the sinking of the Baltic Fleet, which had spent seven months sailing round to Japan. On June, the government used soldiers to counter strikers in Lodz, and on June 18, Odessa was halted following a massive strike. From June 14-24, there occurred a mutiny of Sailors on Battleship Potemkin. The first conference of the Peasants union was held in Moscow on August; the same month, Nizhnii held the first Congress, which comprised of the Muslim Union (Ascher 2004, p. 72). On August 6, Tsar issued a 3manifesto that detailed the creation of a state Duma; however, this plan faced massive rejection from the revolutionaries on grounds of its weak structure. The treaty of Portsmouth on August
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Your Name Professor’s Name Subject/Course April 19, 2011 Romanticism and Russia I. Romanticism Romanticism is an intellectual movement in Europe that has been since the late 18th century. It was usually used in the fields of literature and the arts, but they also contributed to society and human behavior.
Firstly, Russia's archaic political system, social infrastructure and somewhat ailing line of czars made living conditions abysmal for the common citizen and revolution the only viable solution. Russia's feudalist political system had been perpetuated for more than three centuries and as other European countries such as Great Britain flourished through their industrial revolutions, Russia was still largely agricultural, uneducated and dependent upon a primal agricultural industry.
Following the removal of the Czarist regime in Russia, Lenin became not only the first leader of the newly established Russian Soviet Socialist Republic, but in 1922 he became the leader for the entire Soviet Union. Due to political threats aimed at his Communist beliefs, Lenin retreated from Russia in self-imposed exile into Europe for years; he returned immediately following the February Revolution and the abdication of Czar Nicolai II.
This in itself caused tension as involvement in the First World War was seen to be causing the majority of the problems Russia was experiencing internally.
The February Revolution saw a largely bloodless transfer of power from the Tsar. The regime that came into being was an alliance between liberals and socialists who wanted to instigate political reform, creating a democratically elected executive and constituent assembly.
After the failure of absolutism and abdication of Nicholas II Russia had to build a new state, but first inflation, economical crisis and ruin caused by the WWI had to be overcome. Czar Nicholas II was not an effective ruler and he was unable to improve the situation in empire, which was going to abyss.
any armament workers in a peaceful demonstration at winter palace in St Petersburg were massacred by Cossacks and this marked the beginning of Russian revolution.
Father Gapon who was the leader wanted to plead Tsar a petition for enhancement of living conditions and increase
r Revolution that took place in November 1917.The February Revolution was triggered by the massive street demonstrations that had neither political bases nor strategic plan by any group. The military mutiny in that period led to the demonstrations being uncontrollable and the
It also had Muslims and Jews populations and other groups of dwellers (Beckwith 107). The emperor framed on a policy of Russification that implied tsar advocated adoption of Russian customs and applied Russian language by all residents.
tion or making modification in the existing constitution (Zodiac and Baggins, “The State and Revolution the Marxist Theory of the State & the Tasks of the Proletariat in the Revolution”). In the historical scenarios, the aspect of revolution has significantly focused upon
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