Mutually Assured Destruction Introduction Humans have fought wars since the beginning of time. Whether one believes in the story told in the Bible or in the theory of evolution, human history is fraught with fighting. On the one hand is the biblical account of man’s earliest and ancient days on earth…
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Their own children fought the first man versus man battle with Abel as the first human casualty. From then onwards, from the Book of Genesis to the Book of Revelation, every chapter exposes the wars human beings have had to win. On the other hand, the theory of evolution paints an even more difficult birth for the human kind. It is survival of the fittest. Perhaps the Homo sapiens specie is indeed the fittest because it had survived the tests of time and nature. Sadly though, we did survive millions of years of evolution only to stand at the brink of total annihilation on our own hands. Apparently, Armageddon would come not through the Beast of the Book of Revelation or through a colliding giant asteroid. Contrary to the prophecies of prophets and filmmakers, the end of days would be brought by the beast of man called nuclear weapon when the interests of the world’s powers collide. Worse, there is no need for a world war three in order for the world to be in chaos. All it needs is a war between two nuclear superpowers and the earth will stand still, or whatever is left of it. War in this day and age is unthinkable but we need to think about it. War in the twenty first century is simply mad. Well, as a matter of fact, it is MAD. This paper shall look into the theory of war called Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD) and its role in the World War I, World War II and the Cold War. Moreover, this paper shall explore into the future of weapons and war in light of the technological advancements of our time. The MAD Theory When John F. Kennedy took over the reins on January 20, 1961, he declared in his inaugural address: "Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we will pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, to assure the survival and the success of liberty.” Essentially, this was a confirmation that from then onwards, the USSR will never catch up on the mighty USA. The government will do everything in its power and utilize all available resources to ensure that the USA shall remain the world’s guardian of democracy and anyone who chose to disagree and oppose shall feel its power. True to his words, the President brought in Robert McNamara from the business sector to help him pound the competition and ensure its monopoly on world power. And McNamara managed the Department of Defense like he would a multinational company – always with a sharp eye on profit and always calculating the odds with the aid of cost-benefit analysis. The US developed more products that would be a big hit in the world market (read: weapons that would destroy the world). And the business of war was indeed good. President John F. Kennedy’s Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara introduced the world to the concept of Mutually Assured Destruction otherwise known as simply MAD. In his own words: “Mutual Assured Destruction is the foundation of deterrence… If you want a stable nuclear world… it requires that each side be confident that it can deter the other. And that requires that there be a balance and the balance is the understanding that if either side initiates the use of nuclear weapons, the other side will respond with sufficient power to inflict unacceptable damage. Mutual Assured Destruction. So Mutual Assured Destruction is the foundation of stable deterrence in a nuclear world. It's not mad, it's logical.” (Interview) Robert McNamara is credited with the doctrine of Mutually Assur
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“Mutually Assured Destruction Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1393628-mutually-assured-destruction.
These include, among others, periods of confrontation (led in part by reactionary leaders) followed by periods of relative calm which sought to uphold the status quo with the West/NATO and the rest of the world. However, regardless of who the particular leader was at any given time, it is easy to infer that an all-encompassing spirit of competition pervaded nearly every aspect of Moscow’s interaction with the rest of the world during these years.
The Americans proved successful at detonating their first nuclear weapon in 1945, an even that shocked the world and dramatically changed the strategy of warfare forever. The Russians surprised the world by detonating their first nuclear device less than four years later.2 Russia then followed the US by only 4 years in detonating its first thermonuclear (Hydrogen) bomb, beginning a major pattern of back and forth that would continue throughout the Cold War, with one side creating a new development that would improve their ability to destroy the other, followed nearly immediately by the other side catching up or surpassing the other technologically.
Yet government, by its very nature, curtails the exercise of freedom: it establishes laws, drafts people into its military, mandates use of a currency, collects taxes regardless of people’s willingness to pay and so on. One of the fundamental issues of many western democracies is the apparent conflict between freedom and security: governments sometimes use security as a pretense to control people’s actions for their own gain, while at other times imagining it to be their very real moral responsibility to protect its citizens regardless to the cost of liberty.
This cold war was mainly started after the success of the alliance that was formed against Nazi Germany. This competition supremacy on nuclear warfare attracted other countries that also started making nuclear war due to the tension that existed in the world.
that emerged to be world superpowers. The position that was acquired by the two nations soon after World War II pitched them into a bitter rivalry in all aspects, nuclear power possession not excluded. Thus, it is interesting to know more about Russia, how they got the information about US and Britain involvement in the secret plan of Manhattan project, their response to the implementation of the project and how they initiated their own projects to spearhead nuclear power establishment in their land (Hardesty, Eisman, and Sergei 19).
The attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001, have made it all too clear that terrorists and terrorist organizations have all the capability to wreak havoc on the innocent population with weapons of mass destruction. The threat of annihilation is brutally clear if we remain unaware of what these groups can offer.
ed that one cannot generalize with confidence from the impact of mass media violence in the laboratory to the impact of mass media violence in the real world” (Phillips, 567). The reports are produced in a manner similar to legal briefs, and a lawyer can argue either side of
It is likely that relevant health agencies, state and local authorities, and federal agencies would be unaware that the situation had become an epidemic until a plethora of citizens of the city began seeking medical treatment. As a result, the outline
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